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Bosnia and Herzegovina - Republic of Srpska
Srpska Medical Students' International Committee (SaMSIC)
Tamara samsic scope mala.jpg SamsicFB.jpg
Location
Republic of Srpska (red)


Bosnia and Herzegovina is located in southeastern Europe on the Balkan Peninsula, between Croatia and Serbia. Comparatively, Bosnia and Herzegovina is slightly smaller than the state of West Virginia, with a total area of 51,129 sq km (19,741 sq mi). Bosnia and Herzegovina shares boundaries with Croatia on the N, W, and S, Serbia on the E, and Montenegro and the Adriatic Sea on the S, with a total boundary length of 1,389 km (863 mi). Bosnia and Herzegovina's capital city, Sarajevo, is located near the center of the country. Bosnia and Herzegovina has two entities - Republic of Srpska and Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and third region Brčko Distrikt. Capital of Republic of Srpska iz Banja Luka.


Participating cities (LC's) Banja Luka
Languages Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian
Currency: KM (Konvertibilna Marka): 1 KM = 0,51129 € ; 1 € = 1,95583 KM
Time zone GMT+1
Number of Doctors and beds per 1000 people -
Member of IFMSA since: 1998.
Number of incoming students per year 20 - 30
Who are our NEO's NEO OUT - Tamara Pusic (contact: neosamsic[@]yahoo.com)

NEO IN - Slavko Rolih (contact: neosamsic[@]yahoo.com)

Our official website / Forum / Facebook group SaMSIC
Come for exchange!
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Welcome Note

Welcome! We hope You will find these informations useful.



Overview

Identification

In the name Republika Srpska, the first word means republic. The second word is a nominalized adjective derived by adding the suffix -ska to srb-, the root of the noun Srbin, meaning Serb. The -ps- sequence rather than -bs- is a result of voicing assimilation.

Demography

The population was 4,364,574 in 1991. A U.S. estimate of the population in July 2000 was 3,835,777; however, that figure is not reliable as a result of dislocations and deaths from military activity and ethnic cleansing. In 1991, approximately 44 percent of the people were Bosniac, 31 percent were Serb, 17 percent were Croat, 5.5 percent were Yugoslav (of mixed ethnicity), and 2.5 percent were of other ethnicities. Since that time, the Bosniac population has declined and that of the Serbs has risen because of ethnic cleansing by the Serbian army. (The terms "Bosniac" and "Muslim" often are used interchangeably; "Bosniac" refers more explicitly to an ethnicity, to avoid confusion with the term "Muslim," which refers to any follower of the Islamic faith.)

Since 1995, the country has been internally divided into a Bosniac/Croat Federation, which controls 51 percent of the land and whose majority is Bosniac and Croat, and a Serb Republic, which has the other 49 percent and has a Serb majority. Herzegovina, which borders Croatia, has historically had a Croat majority.

Banja Luka at night


Linguistic Affiliation

Croatian, Serbian, and Bosnian are virtually identical; the distinction among them is a matter of identity politics. Serbians write their language in the Cyrillic alphabet, whereas Croatian and Bosnian use the Latin script. English is spoken among youth. Omniglot page has some useful phrases in Serbian language with pronunciation.



Religion

Hram Hrista Spasitelja, Banjaluka
Religious Beliefs. Islam is associated with the Bosniacs, Eastern Orthodox with the Serbs, and Catholicism with the Croatians.

Icons, which are images representing Christ, angels, saints, and other holy figures, hold an important place in Orthodox practice and are considered a connection between the earthly and spiritual realms.

Religious Practitioners. The central religious figures in Islam are called muezzins, scholars of the Koran who call the faithful to prayer. The Koran is seen as the ultimate authority in the religion. In the Eastern Orthodox religion, priests are the primary religious authorities; they are permitted to marry. The Eastern Orthodox religion does not recognize the authority of the Pope but follows a group of patriarchs who have equal status.

Rituals and Holy Places. Mosques are Muslim houses of worship. It is customary to remove one's shoes before entering. The prayer hall has no pews or seats; instead, worshipers kneel on prayer rugs. After Ramadan, people exchange small gifts, visit friends, and have a large family meal.

Eastern Orthodox religious ceremonies are held in elaborate, beautifully designed churches, many of which date back hundreds of years. Each family has a patron saint who is honored once a year in a large celebration called Krsna Slava. A candle is lit in the saint's honor, and special foods are consumed. Christmas (observed 6 and 7 January in the Orthodox Church) is a major holiday. Christmas Eve, called Badnje Vece, is celebrated with a large bonfire in the churchyard and the singing of hymns. In addition to church services, Easter is celebrated by dying eggs and performing traditional kolo dances.



Our health care system

Clinical center Banjaluka

The Clinical centre is the largest and the most important public health institution in the Republic of Srpska. The main activity of the Clinical centre Banja Luka is hospital treatment (admission, diagnostic and treatment) of the patients at the secondary and tertiary level of healthcare services.

The Clinical Centre, within its field of activity, provides hospital and non-hospital healthcare services at the secondary and tertiary level of the healthcare services. The Clinical Centre is the referral health institution at the Republic of Srpska level for the services that provide and scientific base for Medical School and Faculty of Medicine of the University of Banja Luka.


The hospitals

These are our major hospitals in Bosnia and Herzegovina:

1. Clinical Center University of Sarajevo - Sarajevo (KCUS) (FBiH)

2. Clinical Hospital Mostar - Mostar (FBiH)

3. Clinical Hospital "Paprikovac" - Banja Luka (RS)



Our medical education

STRUCTURE OF EDUCATION SYSTEM

Pre-higher education:

Duration of compulsory education:

Age of entry: 6

Age of exit: 15

Structure of school system:


Primary

Type of school providing this education: Primary school (osnovna škola)

Length of program in years: 9

Age level from: 6 to: 15

General Secondary

Type of school providing this education: General Secondary School, Art School and Theology School (Gymnazija, umjetničke i vjerske škole)

Length of program in years: 4

Age level from: 15 to: 19

Certificate/diploma awarded: Diploma (Secondary School Leaving Certificate)

Specialized Secondary

Type of school providing this education: Vocational and Technical Schools (srednje stručne i tehničke škole)

Age level from: 15 to: 19

Certificate/diploma awarded: Diploma


School education:


Primary education lasts for nine years.The pupils enrol in primary education when they are between 5 and 6 years old. Secondary education is provided by general, vocational and technical secondary schools. Pupils graduating from general secondary schools, art schools and theology schools obtain the Diploma o završenoj srednjoj školi and can enrol in any faculty or academy by passing the qualification examination prescribed by the institution. Vocational secondary schools offer courses lasting for three years and including a period of practical instruction. Technical secondary schools offer courses lasting for four years. Pupils graduating from technical secondary schools obtain the Diploma and can enrol in any Faculty or Academy by passing the qualification examination prescribed by the Institution.

Higher education

The Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina has eight universities: the University of Sarajevo, the University of Banja Luka, the University of Tuzla, the University of Džemal Bijedić (East Mostar), the University of Mostar (West Mostar), the University of Bihać, the University of Zenica and the University of East Sarajevo. All higher education activities are subject to national (Republic of Srpska) or cantonal (Federation B&H) laws on higher education.

University level studies:

University level first stage: First degree: Diploma Visokog obrazovanja:

Courses leading to the Diploma Visokog obrazovanja last from three to six years.

University level second stage: Second degree: Magister:

Courses leading to the Magister require two years' further study and the defence of a thesis.

University level third stage: Third degree: Doktorat:

The Doctorate (PhD) is the highest scientific degree. It is the result of independent research. The public defence of a doctoral thesis is required.


Grading system

Main grading system used by higher education institutions

Full Description: Main grading system used at Universities of Sarajevo, Banja Luka, Tuzla, Džemal Bijedić, Bihać, Zenica and East Sarajevo: 5-10 scale with 6 as minimum pass.

Highest on scale: 10

Pass/fail level: 6

Lowest on scale: 5

Other main grading systems

Main grading system used by University of Mostar: 1-5 scale with 2 as minimum pass.

Food :)

Food in Daily Life. Bosnian food has been influenced by both Turkish and Eastern European cuisine. Grilled meat is popular, as are cabbage-based dishes. Bosanski Ionac is a cabbage and meat stew. Cevapcici are lamb sausages that often are eaten with a flat bread called somun. Pastries, both sweet and savory, are common; burek and pida (layered cheese or meat pies), zeljanica (spinach pie), and sirnica (cheese pie) are served as main dishes. Baklava, a Turkish pastry made of phyllo dough layered with nuts and honey, is a popular dessert, as is an apple cake called tufahije. Kefir, a thin yogurt drink, is popular, as are Turkish coffee and a kind of tea called salep. Homemade brandy, called rakija, is a popular alcoholic drink.



Banja Luka


River Vrbas

The Vrbas river is a major river with a length of 235 km, in western Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is a
File:Vrbas 2.jpg
Kastel and Vrbas

right tributary of the Sava river. The name originates from the word "vrba" which means "willow", and there are a lot of weeping willow trees adorn the river banks in Banja Luka.

In 2009. there was Rafting World Championship


Kastel

File:Vrbas tamara.jpg
Vrbas, view from Kastel


Accommodation & Boarding

Students' dormitory, in campus 15 minutes walking from center. 2-4 beds per room with bathroom.
Students' campus
In this photo you can see the main street of our campus. Campus is beautifull, full of grass and trees, and there is wi-fi in the dorm and in the building across yours (faculty of medicine, department of stomatology) so you can sit outside on bench and surf all night if the weather is too beautifull to be in your room.


Social program

Cultural and fun program is arranged by SaMSIC organisation and in cooperation with IAESTE and BoHeMSA There is something included every weekend (visit to other cities in region such as Belgrade, Sarajevo, Mostar, Dubrovnik), or barbeque, rafting... However SaMSIC people like hanging out with our incoming students so almost every day we spend together, walking, clubbing, going to pubs and coffee bars...



Local & National transportation

Railways: total: 1,021 km (795 km electrified) standard gauge: 1,021 km 1.435-m gauge (2003)

Highways: total: 21,846 km paved: 11,424 km unpaved: 10,422 km (1999 est.)

Waterways: Sava River (northern border) open to shipping but use limited because of no agreement with neighboring countries (2004) Ports and harbors: Bosanska Gradiska, Bosanski Brod, Bosanski Samac, and Brcko (all inland waterway ports on the Sava), Orasje

Airports: 27 (2003 est.)



Weather

Hot summers and cold winters; areas of high elevation have short, cool summers and long, severe winters; mild, rainy winters along coast.


Social life


Exchange Conditions

Our exchange conditions you can find on Samsic EC. For any question or additional information, please contact us on neosamsic@yahoo.com.

Feedback


Cities offered for exchange

Banja Luka

Facebook page "Istorija Banjaluke" (History of Banjaluka)