--Welcome to Brazil...
-- The number of foreingners visitor in Brazil is more than 4 million visitors per year from the year 2000 on, according to Embratur’s (Brazilian Tourism Institute) Statistical Yearbook for 2003. But there is a very special attraction that you only discover when you come here: the Brazilian people. Much beyond the breathtaking scenery, the way these people live surprises everyone with its simplicity, willingness, hope, hospitality and happiness.
Studies carried out by Enbratur indicate that 75% of the tourists who seek Brazil as their vacation destination do so first of all because of the natural beauty. But once they arrive here, they find such hospitality that they soon become enchanted with the mixture of colors, races and cultures of the people as well.
According to surveys, when foreign tourists are questioned about Brazil, they indicate happiness as the main characteristic of our people. Happiness that can be perceived in every moment they stay in the country – whether in our music, the warmth of our northeastern beaches, the lively Rio de Janeiro nightlife or the exuberant Amazon.
From this warm and festive spirit, popular displays such as Carnival, New Year’s Eve celebrations and June Parties arise, all famous for their liveliness and joy. It seems that the people’s desire to show what is good about Brazil transforms this vigor into creativity, flashed about in contagious colors and sounds.
Research carried out with international tourists who have already had the opportunity to know Brazil reveal that the visitor truly finds the country to be beautiful. The results also show that 52% of this public goes back home valorizing yet another aspect of this land: its people. After all, besides appreciating some of the most beautiful spots on the planet – including countless beaches, ecological paradises and historical cities – the visitor is always accompanied by people who are willing to show the best points of every excursion, making the trip unforgettable. -->
Our health care system
--Health is defined as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. Health is a fundamental human right and the attainment of the highest possible level of health is one of the most important worldwide social goal, requiring for its achievement the action of many other social and economic sectors in addition to the health sector.
SUS (Sistema Único de Saúde / Health Unified System)
In 1986, in the VIII National Health Conference, among the discussions about health in Brazil, many organizations, including users and workers in health, political representations, universities’ students, among others, proposed, discussed and defined a new way to assist health in BRAZIL.
Health discussion in the VIII Health National Meeting: It is widely accepted that health is the result of adequate conditions of nutrition, housing, environment, income, work, transportation, employment, leisure, freedom, land and an adequate health system. In 1988 our constitution defines Health Unified System as a group of actions and health services offered by public institutions and some private associated institutions.
Priciples of SUS:
- Universality: Health is considered a right for every citizen and the Municipal, State and Federal governments are responsible for this guarantee.
- Equality: Everyone has equal rights in SUS. Health attention should be adequate to each reality.
- Integrality:The aims of health actions should involve prevention, promotion, cure and rehabilitation of health. The Human Being must be understood as a whole.
- Social Control:Guarantee of social participation in the main definitions of the Health System.
Regionalization:Division of health attention in primary, secondary and high level care in accordance with population needs.
- Decentralization:Responsabilization of the different levels of the government (municipal, regional and federal)
Our medical education
Medical Education in Brazil and SUS: Medical education has importance for improvement of SUS in BRAZIL. Medical Education must be based on knowledge of communities’ needs. It's important to have consciousness of medical students about the importance of discussion and improvement of SUS.
DENEM and SUS: DENEM was founded in 1986 and had intense involvement in questions concerning the “Sanitary Reform”. Role of representation of the Brazilian medical students, as a social group, in the improvement and defense of SUS. Mobilization of Brazilian Medical Students to join this “struggle”. This is why DENEM exist, this is the "Movement in defesnse of life"!
Medical Exchange and SUS :Direct insertion of foreigners medical students in SUS. Direct contact with a different Health System in a particular society. Besides acquired medical and cultural knowledge, the exchange is understood as a great potential for personal mobilization.
Brazil is a country of many mixings. This mixing of colors, races, beats and flavors is waiting for new explorers willing to know the true essence of a strong, happy and hospitable people. Architecture is one of the most lasting manifestations of a people’s history. Buildings reveal customs, trends and techniques of each time. With a large historical-cultural heritage, Brazil has attracted a great number of tourists interested in learning, through large museums or city streets, a little of the nation’s past.
Cultural interchange, or education tourism, is a segment specialized in promoting trips with the purpose of participating in programs and activities of interchange, cultural experiences, oriented learning, training or expansion of knowledge on site.
Differently from other nations, Brazil’s potential in the segment of education interchange and tourism is not in the instruction of the language. In addition, although, in many scientific areas of knowledge, the country does indeed hold centers of excellence, its strong point is in fact its cultural and environmental diversity.
There are many lessons to learn in the country. One of the most important is the harmony between the different ethnic groups living together. With a population comprised of Indians, Africans, Portuguese and subsequently, complemented by immigrants from all comers of the planet, Brazil teaches tolerance and respect for different cultures.
It is also possible to participate in innovative programs of sustainable use of renewable natural resources. In the State of Acre, for instance, many production, management and commercialization projects involving products derived from native plant species have been in development. They are real lessons on how to preserve the environment and the development of a people can go hand-in-hand.
Visit the architectural, historical and cultural treasures stored in the immensity of Brazil.
Ethnic tourism consists of visiting locations where distinct ways of life can be observed and explored. The goal is to closely see small social groups in their natural environment, with their particularities and traditions – and thus, learn from them.
This kind of tourism emerged in the world tourism scenario as a leisure option for people interested in leaning about different peoples, cultures and traditions. Moreover, it has been conquering more and more adepts around the world.
Brazil is one of the most sought after destinations for such trips as it holds over 600 indigenous reserves spread out nationwide. There are currently about 220 indigenous peoples here, who speak over 180 distinct languages, totaling about 370 thousand individuals. The major part of this population is distributed in thousands of villages, situated in the interior of indigenous lands.
Some Brazilian locations stand out when it comes to ethnical tourism. Such is the case of São Gabriel da Cachoeira, in the State of Amazonas, where one can find representatives of the tribes Piratapuias, Tucanos, Desanas, Banivas, Barés and Ianomâmis. Every year, there is a Cultural festival of the Tribes of Alto Rio Negro (Up river region) where their handicraft and cuisine are introduced to visitors and tourists during a joyous festivity. The preparations serve to teach the youth of the tribes, preserving ancient rituals.
In the Northeastern Region, the Potyguara serve as a good example among the indigenous peoples of the region. With an estimated population of 7,575 people distributed into 33 centers in three indigenous lands on the Northern Coast of the state of Paraíba. Its history of contact with the non-indigenous society originates from the beginning of colonization. Today, they strive to uphold the vigor of their ethnical identity by re-learning their native language, Tupi; and the realization of the Toré, a complex ritual that celebrates the friendship between distinct villages, strengthening the feeling of unison, and of a nation.
If ethnic tourism is your thing, do not waste time.
Historical City of Ouro Preto Declared Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 1980, the former capital of the province of Minas Gerais holds on its stone roads, a small piece of Brazil’s independence history. Founded by the end of the 17th century, Ouro Preto was the main setoff point for the gold race in the 18th century. Many churches, bridges and fountains remain as proof of the materials of this past of prosperity, and of the exceptional talent of the baroque sculptor, Aleijadinho.
Historic City of Olinda Founded by the Portuguese in the 16th century, Olinda suffered great foreign invasions during the colonial age of Brazil due to its importance during the economical sugar cane cycle. The harmonious balance between baroque churches, convents, small chapels, buildings, gardens and monuments, leave it with a distinct charm – and ensured it the title of Humanity’s Heritage in 1982.
Ruins of São Miguel das Missões The ruins of São Miguel das Missões, located in the South, represent valuable traces of Jesuit Mission in the country. They were built in the indigenous lands of the Guaranis between the 17th and 18th centuries; and standout for their wealth in shapes, and exception state of conservation. This fact earned it the title of World Cultural Heritage in 1984.
Historical Center of Salvador, State of Bahia First capital of the country – from 1549 to 1763 -, Salvador preserves, up until today, countless renaissance age buildings. A peculiarity of the old city is the wealth of colors of the reminiscent colonial mansion – comprising the complex history and culture of Pelourinho. The Historical Center was declared by Unesco as Humanity’s Heritage in 1985.
Bom Jesus Sanctuary, in Congonhas do Campo Located in Congonhas do Campo, in the State of Minas Gerais, it was built in the second half of the 18th century. It consists of a church, filled with magnificent rococo style adornments, of Italian inspiration. The decoration of its street and stairway is in sculptures of prophets. There, one can also find seven chapels illustrating the passing of Christ through Calvary, plus admirable polychrome tombstones made by Aleijadinho – Brazilian Baroque style master. It was declared humanity’s heritage in 1985.
History Center of São Luis, State of Maranhão By the end of the 17th century, the French founded São Luiz, which was later invaded and occupied by the Dutch. The Portuguese retook it eventualy, and preserved the complete original plan of the city. Due to the long period of economic stagnations in the 20th century, an exceptional number of historical buildings were kept, leaving the locations as an example of an Iberian colonial city. It was declared Humanity’s Heritage by Unesco in 1997.
History Center of Diamantina City Founded during the diamond rush in the 18th century, the city of Diamantina, Minas Gerais, is a witness to human, cultural and artistic triumph over the adversities imposed by its location – its urban and architectural assembly of buildings is perfectly integrated into the wild scenario. It was declared humanity’s heritage by Unesco in 1999.
History Center of Goiás City It perfectly represents the colonial occupation of the central region of Brazil in the 18th and 19th centuries. Its urban layout is an example of organic development adapted to regional conditions. Unesco declared it Humanity’s Heritage in 2001.
Brasília The federal capital was also declared humanity’s heritage in 1987 in order to preserve its architectural features. However, differently from other cities of Brazil’s heritage, it was given the title for being a unique example of innovation, conviction and modernity. Outcome of the design of Urbanist Lúcio Costa and architect Oscar Niemeyer, it is a mark in the history of planned cities. From the design of residential blocks and administrative buildings, to the symmetry of buildings, everything is in harmony with the city’s design as a whole. The official constructions, in special, are creative and highly artistic.
Accommodation & Boarding
The student will be in a family house of host student and will learn more about brazilian people and culture!
The social Program depends of the Local Comittee. Brazil is internationally known for its popular feasts such as the New Year, Carnival, or June Feasts. These enthusiastic celebrations, which combine singing, music and much dance, attract millions of foreign tourists to the country every year. In them, it is almost impossible to remain as a mere spectator – everyone participates, everyone plays along. Accept this invitation and come celebrate life in Brazil. Those who visit, become fans.
Carnival The joy of the carioca (Rio de Janeiro citizens) is contagious on those who visit Rio to participate in the Carnival – regardless of their origin. It calls on everyone to move their feet, let their arms loose, let their eyes shine and fully participate in this feast. be it in Samba schools, on Avenida Marques de Sapucaí, or in the street blocks, the order is one: fun.
In Salvador, Bahia State, the Carnival effectively begins in December, with the opening of the celebrations by the Conceição Beach feast. But it is in February that the merry makers of all ages fill up the capital of Bahia, animated by sound trailers – large and colorfully decorated trucks equipped with powerful loud speakers, from where singers sing and make people dance.
In the state of Pernambuco, we have the Olinda and Recife carnivals. Frevo dance emerged from this location, one of the most enticing rhythms of the nation. For a week, people go out on the streets in costumes and dance frenetically, next to traditional giant dolls and maracatus.
In São Paulo, the Carnival had been formerly a party restricted to saloons. Overtime, it conquered the streets, following the influences of the Rio de Janeiro Samba Schools.
New Year New Year throughout Brazil is one of the most majestic and democratic feasts. People of all ethnic groups, social classes and creed forget their differences and embrace together the new year.
In the city of Rio de Janeiro, this celebration is quite exciting. there is homage paid to Iemanja, queen of the sea. There are those who jump waves to attract good fortune in the new year. People celebrate together, illuminated by a huge fire works event that decorates the skies of the Marvelous City at midnight.
June Feasts The June feasts began as small celebrations in countryside towns, which celebrated Saint Peter, Saint Anthony and Saint John, greatly devoted to by Brazilian. Over the years, however, they began to grow until they became mega events, gathering millions of visitors in June and July.
The June circuit in the Northeast of Brazil is one of the most famous and traditional around the world. Caruaru, in the State of Pernambuco, and Campina Grande, in Paraíba, dispute the title of best feast in the country. The first is known as the “capital of forró”, a popular dance and music, while the other as the “Biggest Saint John in the world”.
In the cablocla (mixed white and indigenous) Amazon, the tradition of honoring the saints has a calendar that begins in June, with Saint Anthony, and ends only in December, with Saint benedict. They are market feasts, with bonfires, fireworks, much food and fun.
In the South of Minas Gerais, there is concern in celebrating the June feasts in the simple format of the countryside people. Contrary to the major cities, which have put aside the folkloric aspect of these feasts, the countryside keeps the tradition alive. During the event, typical meals are served by bonfire light, while dance groups entertain everyone.
In 1960, part of its territory was destined to the building of Brasília, capital of the Country. This would improve the links with the heart of Brazil and would make access easier to the rest of the State. In 1988, about 40% of the north goiana area has been disunited, originating the State of Tocantins.
To uncover the State of Goiás means to visit unique historic cities, born from villages around goldmines, such as Goiás Velho, Pirenópolis, Corumbá and Pilar de Goiás. These cities show, in their architecture and culture, memories of colonial Brazil. It also means to visit the preserved natural treasures, such as Emas National Park and the Chapada dos Veadeiros National Park; the rivers Araguaia and Paranaíba; and mystic regions, such as Paraúna, with strange rocky formations, and Alto Paraíso, regarded by spiritualists as a third millennium city. Come enjoy this little piece of Brazil, and become a fan!
The Ema National Park is a sanctuary for the Brazilian Cerrado and it represents the richest fauna and flora found in the region.
The State Goiás,has one of the most splendid architectural and cultural patrimony of Brazil. Because of that, the historical center was named Cultural Patrimony of Humanity by UNESCO in 2001. Its calm streets keep the original stone pavement and the historical buildings of the 18th Century show a colonial architecture with the simplicity and few baroque influences as their main characteristic.
The capital, Goiânia, was specially designed to function as the political and economic center of the State, being known for the functionality of the well defined areas. Known as the capital of spring, the city was planned with a modern and radiocentric design. But the accelerated growing pace hasn´t allowed such planning to work perfectly. However, the original concept, foreseeing the preservation of green and blossomy areas, has been kept.
The Divine Holy Spirit Feast is beyond any doubt the largest popular manifestation in Pirenópolis. Pirenópolis is a picturesque city in the interior of the State of Goiás and it has many natural beauties and enchants its visitors with its preserved colonial homes and its steep stone streets. This intense feast mixes various religious and secular manifestations from diverse origins and meanings. It is such a rich profusion of folklore that it infects the layperson as well as the erudite, the secular and the religious, serving all in all forms and tongues. That is the Divine Holy Spirit.
The Jousts are open air theater that represent the medieval fight between Christians and Moors on horseback. It is the high point of the feast that begins 45 days after Easter Sunday and attracts almost 15 thousand people to the city. The choice of the Divine’s Emperor opens the 12-day event, brought in 1819 by Portuguese Jesuits. Then, there is the procession, the crowning, the rock cannon shots and the fireworks. Another curiosity about the feast are the masks. People dress up with bull or puma heads – on foot or on horseback, and roam the streets shouting and scaring the participants.
Other celebrations In addition to the national popular feasts, Brazil also offers regional celebrations that animated and conquer tourists from all over:
* Parintins festival – Large folkloric celebration, mobilizes the Paritins city in Amazonas, around the fight between the "Caprichoso" and "Garantido" bulls, with allegoric vehicle parades, choreographies, and much music. The spectacle takes place annually in June.
* Bumba-meu-boi of Maranhão – one of the most traditional merriments of Brazil, bumba-meu-boi is a vehicle staging a combination of theater, dance, music and circus. It is a very popular feast in São Luís, capital of the State of Maranhão, also taking place in June.
* Oktoberfest – in October, the city of Blumenau enters into festivities, showing visitors from all over Brazil and the world its rich culture. With music, dance and typical cuisine, the party preserves the customs of German immigrants who settled in the region.
* Micaretas – out of season carnivals. Created in the city of Feira de Santana, Bahia unpleased with the carnival, which did not take place that year due to heavy rainstorms. It was so successful that it became a national mania. Since the 1990’s, many Micaretas take place in many capitals of Brazilian cities, almost throughout the year.
Local & National transportation
Brazil is served by most international airlines. There are dozens of daily flights, full of tourists coming from every corner of the world. Those who most frequently seek out our country for their vacations are the Argentines, the North Americans and the Germans. However, with the expansion in the number of international airlines also operating here, visitors from other countries are also getting interested in visiting us, according to recent surveys. These include Uruguay, Portugal, France, Italy, and most of our neighboring countries in Latin America.
This increased international interest in Brazil can be observed through the numbers recorded in the first quarter of 2005, which point to the arrival of approximately 137 thousand foreign tourists on charter flights. This represents a growth of 35.46% in comparison to the same period the previous year. Data from Infraero (Brazilian Company for Airport Infrastructure) show that in March 2005, this percentage increase was even greater, reaching 43.03% - 37,410 tourists, compared to 25,966 in March of last year.
According to Infraero, this trend in the growth of the number of charter flights can also be seen in some regions of the country, especially Rio de Janeiro. This makes it even easier to go from the large Brazilian cities to any state in the country. And this air infrastructure does not stop growing. In 2004 alone, 8 expansion jobs were completed, not to mention the constant modernization of older airports throughout the entire country.
Main Brazilian airlines:
TAM Airlines: 
AZUL Airlines: 
GOL Airlines: 
Cheaper websites :
Brazil’s climatic typology is very diverse. The huge territorial expanse, allied with factors such as temperature, altitude, barometric pressure and proximity to the ocean, provide the country with climatic conditions that can please everyone. It is one of the richest and most complex ecosystems in the world, with extremely diversified vegetation and sceneries. The Brazilian territory is divided into climatic strips: 92% of the territory is located between the Equator and the Tropic of Capricorn. We can therefore say that the Brazilian climate is predominantly tropical, with equatorial and subtropical (temperate zones) strips distributed over the remaining 8% of the nation’s territory. The predominance of lower altitudes throughout the country provides more elevated temperatures, with averages exceeding 20°C. The seasons are the exact opposite of those in Europe and the United States, except in the northern region of the country. The average annual temperature is approximately 28ºC in the northern region and 20ºC, in the south. Extreme temperatures are rare, but they may occur: in the winter, some cities in the south of the country experience negative temperatures, with frost and snow. And in Rio de Janeiro, in the peak of summer, the temperature may hit 40ºC. Now that you know about our climate, choose the temperature you find most pleasant and come fall in love with the beauty Brazil has to offer.
Brazilian beaches: hot weather and shining sun all through the year
If you dream about a sunny land where sun shines all through the year, waters are warm, there is plenty of coconut tree shades and fresh sea breezes, come to Brazil. In Brazil, these elements combine harmoniously in the most beautiful beaches, and are waiting for you. When the churrasco (barbecue) was first introduced in the gaucho Pampas – which covers part of Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina – it was not like the one we know today. At that time, around the 17th century, people were not worried about commercializing beef like today; what mattered was the animal’s hide and fat.
For such, they used to have ‘vacarias’, which was when large numbers of cattle were killed in order to remove what really had commercial value at the time. After that, the ‘vaqueiros’ (cowboys) would carve out the easiest piece of meat to remove and roast it in a hole opened in the ground, seasoning it with the ashes from the fire. This can be considered the most remote origin of the churrasco (barbecue).
As time went by, the number of people that enjoyed this novelty began to increase; its preparation was improved and the meat was handled more hygienically. Little by little the churrasco (barbecue) became one of the most famous and liked dishes in the gaucho region.
In the 1960s, the rodizios (the serving of a variety of meats at the table) became the main attraction in the State of Rio Grande do Sul menus, especially in restaurants located along the side of the roads, which are basically truck stops – the ones who disseminated the novelty to the rest of Brazil.
This new churrasco (barbecue) modality (rodízio) consisted of serving all tables at the same time; the waiters would come around with several skewers of different types of meat, offering it to whoever wanted the cut, and as much as they wanted. Today, this practice is found throughout the country, and it is loved by admirers of good roasted meat.
Together with the traditional cuts of beef, items such as chicken, pork, sausages, chicken hearts as well as other types of wild meat like boar and alligator, were incorporated to the churrasco (barbecue). Today, a modern churrascaria (restaurant where churrasco is served) works with at least 10 different varieties of meat, besides all the side dishes – salads, rice, beans, manioc flour and much more - making it one of the most popular dishes in the country.
At present, Brazil is the world’s largest meat producer. The Brazilian herd consists of 165 million heads of cattle, losing only to India, which has 245 million. However, Brazil has the largest commercial herd because in India the cow is considered sacred and, thus, cannot be consumed. Brazil’s meat consumption, which is 34.5 kilos per capita per year, ranks among the 10 largest in the world.
In Rio Grande do Sul, churrasco (barbecue) is still part of the deep-rooted gaucho culture. In other parts of the country the dish acquired special peculiarities according to the region where it is prepared. However, the place does not matter; what matters is that the Brazilian churrasco (barbecue) is mouth-watering and it has become a national passion. As a matter of fact, today we can find an enormous number of churrascarias (restaurants) anywhere in Brazil.
Nowadays, our churrasco (barbecue) has acquired international fame. There are many Brazilian churrascarias (restaurants) spread around several parts of the world, and they are a success, in countries like the United States, Canada, New Zealand, Australia, Italy, Switzerland, England, Macaw, Singapore, and Thailand.
It is Brazilian culture permeating the world through its delicious culinary.
Cities offered for exchange
Alfenas/UNIFENAS Aracaju/UFS Araraquara/SP-UNIARA Barbacena/MG-FUNJOB Barbalha/UFC-Cariri Belem-UEPA Belem/UFPA Belo Horizonte/MG -UNIFENAS Belo Horizonte/MG-FCMMG Belo Horizonte/MG-UFMG Blumenau/FURB Botucatu/SP-UNESP Brasilia-ESCS Brasilia/DF-UNB Campina Grande/PB-UFCG Campinas/SP-UNICAMP Campo dos Goytacazes/RJ-FMC Campo Grande/ Uniderp Campo Grande/MS-UFMS CampoGrande/MS-UFMS Caxias do Sul/RS-UCS Caxias/MA-UEMA Cuiaba/MT-UNIC Curitiba/PR--PUC-PR Curitiba/PR-FEPAR Curitiba/PR-UFPR Curitiba/PR-UP Dourados/MS-UFGD Dourados/MS-UFMS Duque de Caxias/RJ - UNIGRANRIO Florianopolis/SC-UFSC Fortaleza-UFC Fortaleza/CE UECE Goiania/GO-UFG Ilheus-UESC Itajai/SC-UNIVALI Itajuba/FMIt Joao Pessoa/PB-UFPB Juazeiro do Norte/CE-FMJN Jundiai/SP-FMJ Maceio/AL-UFAL Maceio/AL-UNCISAL Manaus/AM - UEA Manaus/AM - UFAM Manaus/AM- UEAM Natal/RN- UnP Niteroi/RJ-UFF Ouro Preto/MG-UFOP PA-Belen-CESUPA Passo Fundo/RS-UPF Pelotas/RS- UFPEL Petrolina/PE-UNIVASF Porto Alegre/RS UFRGS Porto Alegre/RS-UFCSPA Pouso Alegre/MG-UNIVAS Recife/PE-UFPE Recife/PE-UPE Ribeirao Preto/SP-USP-RP Rio de Janeiro - Souza Marques Rio de Janeiro-UNIRIO Rio de Janeiro/RF-UFRJ RIO de Janeiro/RJ- Gama Filho Rio de Janeiro/RJ-Estacio de Sa Rio de Janeiro/RJ-UERJ Rio Grande/RS-FURG Salvador/BA-EBMSP Salvador/BA-UFBA Santa Maria/RS-UFSM Santo Amaro/SP-UNISA Sao Carlos/SP-UFSCar Sao Luis/MA-UFMA Sao Luis/MA-UNICEUMA Sao Paulo/SP-FASEH Sao Paulo/SP-Sao Camilo Sao Paulo/SP-UNICID Sao Paulo/SP-UNISA Sao Paulo/SP-USP Sobral/CE UFC-Sobral Sorocaba-PUC Taubate/SP-UNITAU Teresina/PI FACID Teresina/PI NOVAFAPI Teresopolis/UNIFESO Uberaba-UFTM Uberlandia/MG-UFU Vassouras/RJ-USS Vitoria da Conquista/BA- UESB Vitoria-UFES Vitoria/ES-EMESCAM Vitoria/ES-UNIVIX Volta Redonda/RJ-UNIFOA