We are pleased that you have chosen to attend Peking Union Medical College (PUMC) for your exchange program. We wish you a pleasant month in PUMC and in Beijing.
Situated in eastern Asia，and on the western shore of the Pacific Ocean, the People’s Republic of China covers a land area of 9.6 million square kilometers, with an inland and coastal water area of more than 4.7 million square kilometers and an eastern and southern continental coastline extending for about 18,000 kilometers. China shares common borders with 14 countries and is adjacent to 8 nations on the ocean. There are 4 municipalities directly under central government administration, 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions and 2 special administrative regions. The capital city is Beijing.
Our health care system
Until the end of 2011, China has 21979 hospitals and 2.46 million doctors. 62% of the hospitals are public hospitals and the others are owned by private sector. In China there are now 1.82 doctors per 1,000 people. About 4.98 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) is allocated to healthcare, 35% of which comes from the private sector. After many years of development, life expectancy has reached 73.5 years old.
In China, there are now different levels of hospitals. Public hospitals are grouped into three tiers. At the top are tertiary hospitals (large, tier3). They provide a wide range of healthcare services. Next are secondary hospitals (often regional). They mostly treat outpatients and provide general health services. Primary hospitals are often small community health centers and they provide services in the community. Private hospitals are mostly special service hospitals, such as cosmetic hospitals. They target special population such as foreigners and wealthy people. Their revenue is generated from personal expenditure.
China is now using the “Basic Health Care Insurance for Urban and Rural Employees”. Features include: • Compulsory participation for all employers and compulsory enrolment for all formal employees; • Funding: social pooling and individual accounts have been established with contributions by both employers and employees; • Management of health insurance funds is carried out by municipal governments and regulated by the relevant government bodies.
A “new rural cooperative health insurance” program is also being used for the rural population. 97.5% of rural population participates in this program.
Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH) was founded by Rockefeller Foundation in 1921.
Striving for excellence, Peking Union Medical College Hospital gained support from China and the Chinese Communist Party. For the past 90 years, it has been the cradle of outstanding clinicians, medical educators and scientists like Zhang Xiaoqian and Lin Qiaozhi, as well as talents in medical management, who gave birth to more than 10 famous comprehensive and specialized hospitals in China. During the long period of development, PUMCH has gradually cultivates its unique atmosphere known as “preciseness, perfection, diligence and devotion”. PUMCH has “three treasures”, that is, professors, medical case records and library. The case records, which also include those of celebrities, are considered the most priceless for their historical and clinical significance.
Peking Union Medical College Hospital is widely regarded as one of Chinese best hospitals. It was ranked as the best overall hospital in China by Hospital Management Institude of Fudan University. It has become a modern hospital for clinical services and medical teaching with comprehensive disciplines, advanced facilities, excellent techniques and beautiful environment. In 2002, after incorporation, today’s PUMCH operates two hospitals in Xidan and Dongdan, which in total cover an area of more than 530,000 square meters, with the latter being main body.
PUMCH now has a medical staff of more than 4,000 people, including 6 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering, and 682 full and associate professors. It has 54 clinical and medico -technical departments and more than 2,000 inpatient beds, with a daily outpatient visit of 12,000, annual discharged patients exceeding 68,000, inpatients scheduled for surgery reaching 32,000 and an average length of stay below 9.5 d. For the past 90 years, PUMCH has been making history out of perseverance, great virtue and medical skill, achieving more brilliance and sowing joy.
Our medical education
Our program lasts 8 years and after graduation we receive Medical Doctor degree. We start the major of clinical medicine from the first year of college. The first 2.5 years are pre-med education. After that we study basic medicine for 1.5 year and clinical medicine for half a year. After, we start observership, rotating through departments. Following observership is clerkship when we start to participate in the real work in the hospital. After clerkship, we have an 8-month research training when we will be required to write a doctoral thesis.
There are 56 ethnic groups in China, among which the Han people account for 92% of the total population while the other 55 ethnic groups 8%. In addition to the Han, the other ethnic groups are: Zhuang, Hui, Uyghurs, Yi, Miao, Manchu, Tibetan, Mongols, Tujia, Buyei, Korean, Dong, Yao, Bai, Hani, Kazakh, Dai, Li, Lisu, Va, She, Lahu, Sui, Dongxiang, Nakhi, Kyrgyz, Tu, Qiang, Daur, Jingpo, Mulao, Xibe, Salar, Blang, Gelao, Maonan, Tajik, Pumi, Nu, Achang, Ewenki, Uzbeks, De’ang, Jing, Jino, Yugur, Bonan, Russian, Monba, Derung, Oroqen, Tatars, Lhoba, Gaoshan, and Hezhen.
Accommodation & Boarding
Exchange students are arranged at the dormitory for foreign students near the hospital with 1 student/room usually and 2 students/room at maximum. The dormitory is equipped with a private bathroom and bedding is provided. Internet is available for free in female dormitory and a WLAN card (usually 80 RMB/month) is needed in male dormitory.
There will be many social programs offered to exchange students, such as visting local scenic spots.
Local & National transportation
Taxi: Taxis are a convenient means of transportation in various cities in China. Simply raise your hand, and a taxi appears in no time. But you'd better choose a taxi with a business permit, and before you disembark from a taxi ride, ask the driver for a receipt.
Subway: Subways are another convenient means of transportation for those traveling in downtown. So far subways are available in four Chinese cities: Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, and Tianjin.
Bicycle: There are bicycles for rent in some hotels in Beijing and some other tourist cities. Riding old-fashioned Pedi cabs for a tour of Beijing's hutongs and back alleys
China has a marked continental monsoonal climate characterized by great variety. Northerly winds prevail in winter, while southerly winds reign in summer. The four seasons are quite distinct. The rainy season coincides with the hot season. From September to April the following year, the dry and cold winter monsoons from Siberia and Mongolia in the north gradually become weak as they reach the southern part of the country, resulting in cold and dry winters and great differences in temperature. The summer monsoons last from April to September.
The warm and moist summer monsoons from the oceans bring abundant rainfall and high temperatures, with little difference in temperature between the south and the north. China's complex and varied climate results in a great variety of temperature belts, and dry and moist zones. In terms of temperature, the nation can be sectored from south to north into equatorial, tropical, sub-tropical, warm-temperate, temperate, and cold-temperate zones; in terms of moisture, it can be sectored from southeast to northwest into humid (32 percent of land area), semi-humid (15 percent), semi-arid (22 percent) and arid zones (31 percent).
Cities offered for exchange
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