The city of Piura, orderly and dynamic, is famous for the cheerful and hospitable spirit of its inhabitants. Appreciated for its music (tondero and sea), its cuisine and its varied crafts in ceramics which highlights Chulucanas. The floral arrangements with marine debris and watermarks in gold and silver are another feature of the city.
It has beautiful white sandy beaches and clean, ideal for sport fishing. Its abundant oil resources make Piura in the National Reservoir.
The Department of Piura is a specific regional of Peru located in the northwest part of the country on the north coast. Bordered by Tumbes and Ecuador in the north, Lambayeque on the south, Cajamarca to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. The largest of its territory is crossed by the Piura River, which rises in the mountains piurana and reaches the coast, extending by dilated irrigating its fertile valleys, plains before flowing into the sea. Here is the Peruvian coast reaches its maximum extension.
The Tallanes or yungas were the first settlers, then were subjected by the Mochica or by chimus, to respect their organization and their language. According to some historians, the etymology of the word becomes the Piura old quechua Andean Piuhua, meaning "granary", others by the end of "ra" consider it name from the ancient language Sec.
In Piura developed civilization Vicús in the valley of Alto Piura, and the so-called civilization Chusís also known as Sechura. The pottery of civilization is of great plasticity Vicús attracted much attention from archaeologists and collectors. Their graves and deep features of shape and decoration associated with the regional cultures of Ecuador and Colombia, but at the same time, his constant association and resemblance to the pottery mochica establishes a strong link with the civilizations Lambayeque and Trujillo and such so recently considered the cradle of civilizations. The background to go back to Vicús formative period, where people like the Ñañañique show a very similar culture. Vicús and then after a long process of development, are built Piura culture, whose last representatives are known Tallanes. At this stage the emerging urban, with important centers like Narihualá.
At the end, the Empire took over the forty years before the arrival of the realists. The Inca Empire, with Tupac Yupanqui, conquered the region undergoing the Ayahuacas and Huancapampas, who lived in areas that today are the provinces of Ayabaca and Huancabamba.
During the conquest, in 1532, Don Francisco Pizarro arrived in the region looking for a suitable site to be found in the Valley of Tangarará, on the banks of the Chira River. There he founded the first city in Spanish in South America that was built in Peru, which he called San Miguel. Years and plagued by malaria, the population migrated to the valley of the Alto Piura to merge the existing farm near Monte De Los Padres, where they remained at about forty years since it had to prosper good farmland, but after all, and then endure a enferemedades view Mega presumably caused by a Child, in 1571 moved to the current port of Paita.
In 1587 the port of Paita, very important from the Viceroyalty, was looted and burned by pirates and in 1588 the survivors returned to found the city in the passenger seat Chilcal in the city of Piura, near the dam cal y canto Tacalá at the head of the valley of the Lower Piura.
During the Cologne the port of Paita was instrumental in the trade with the metropolis europea . Europe. In 1820 the population piurana joined the libertarian cause, and January 4 of 1821 proclaimed their independence. Piurano hero Miguel Grau Seminario (the "Gentleman of the Seas") gave his life bravely to the front of the "Huascar" over Angamos naval battle during the war with Chile.
In the years of the Republic, the material progress of the region has been matched by the development of its rich agriculture, one of the most developed of Peru. The port of Paita is second in importance. Only in recent years Piura, the capital of the region, has begun a phase of urban transformation which suggests that within a few years, will be one of the most important cities in the country. ==
Due to its proximity to the equator, the coast of Piura has a climate warm throughout the years. The average temperature is 26 ° C. The climate coastal climate presents both characteristics of tropical zone Yunga savanna and tropical at sea level. This climate is also known for dry tropical or equatorial dry forest. It is a climate resembling that of a tropical savanna. The maximum temperature can reach 40 º C and minimum 15 º C. In the coastal area south of the department, adjacent to the Lambayeque region, there is a climate semi desert. The sierra piurana has a humid subtropical and temperate with an annual average of 15 ° C.
5.1. TOURIST CENTERS
Main Square Downtown Piura. Downtown Lima. This plaza is surrounded by tamarindo trees, whose seedlings were brought from the Yapatera plantation and planted in 1870. This plaza is surrounded by tamarind trees, whose seedlings were brought from the Yapatera plantation and planted in 1870. At the center, you find the marble statue of the “Pola” who represents liberty and was presented by the President Jose Balta around 1870. At the center, you find the marble statue of the "Pola" who represents liberty and was presented by the President Jose Balta around 1870.
Cathedral of Piura Cathedral of Piura Calle Huancavelica 362. Calle Lima 362. Visiting hours: Mon. Visiting hours: Mon. – Fri. - Fri. 7:00 AM – 8:00 AM and 7:00 PM – 8:00 PM; Sat. 7:00 a.m. to 8:00 a.m. and 7:00 PM - 8:00 PM, Sat. – Sun. - Sun. 8:00 AM – 12:00 PM 8:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. It was built in 1588 under the protection of the Virgen de la Asuncion (Assumption Virgin) and San Miguel Arcangel (Michael the Archangel). Preserved on the inside is the Churrigueresque shrine of the Virgin of Fatima carved from Nicaraguan cedar and covered in gold leaf. It was built in 1588 under the protection of the Virgen de la Asuncion (Assumption Virgin) and San Miguel Arcangel (Michael the Archangel). Preserved on the inside Churrigueresque is the shrine of the Virgin of Fatima Nicaraguan carved from cedar and covered in gold leaf . It was probably one of the first in Peru. It was probably one of the first in Peru. The upper plateresque altar was reconstructed by the Spanish sculptor, Julian Alagua, after the 1912 earthquake. The upper plateresque altar was reconstructed by the Spanish SCULPTOR, Julian Alagua, after the 1912 earthquake. As the department's main church, the Piura parish archives are kept there. As the department's main church, the parish Piura archives are kept there.
San Francisco Church San Francisco Church Intersection of Calle Lima and Malecon Eguiguren 516. Intersection of Street and Lima Malecon Eguiguren 516. Telephone: (073) 31-1111 Telephone: (073) 31-1111 Visiting hours: Mon. Visiting hours: Mon. – Sun. - Sun. 8:00 AM – 12:00 PM and 4:00 PM – 7:00 PM Mass times: 8:30 AM and 5:30 PM 8:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. and 4:00 PM - 7:00 PM Mass times: 8:30 a.m. and 5:30 PM An ancient cloister constructed by Franciscan priests during the eighteenth century, it was declared a National Monument in the years 1969 and 1980. An ancient cloister constructed by Franciscan Priests during the eighteenth century, it was declared a National Monument in the years 1969 and 1980.
Casa Museo de Almirante Miguel Grau (Museum of the House of Admiral Miguel Grau) Casa Museo de Almirante Miguel Grau (Museum of the House of Admiral Miguel Grau) Jiron Tacna 662. Jiron Tacna 662. Telephone: (073) 32-6541 / 33-1961. Telephone: (073) 32-6541 / 33-1961. Visiting hours: Mon. Visiting hours: Mon. – Fri. - Fri. 8:00 AM – 1:00 PM and 3:30 PM – 6:00 PM 8:00 a.m. to 1:00 PM and 3:30 PM - 6:00 PM This is the house where Admiral Miguel Grau, hero of the War of the Pacific (the war against Chile, 1879) was born and lived. This is the house where Admiral Miguel Grau, the hero of the War of the Pacific (the war against Chile, 1879) was born and lived. The home consists of four large rooms and a library. The home consists of four large rooms and a library. Besides the furniture used by the Great Admiral, you can see pictures, letters, diplomas, and documents. Besides the furniture used by the Great Admiral, you can see pictures, letters, diplomas, and documents.
Del Carmen Church Del Carmen Church Jiron La Libertad 366. Ji rum Freedom 366. Across from the Merino Plaza Across from the Plaza Merino It dates from the eighteenth century and was declared a National Historical Monument in 1974. It dates from the eighteenth century and was declared a National Historical Monument in 1974. Today, it houses the Museo de Arte Religioso (Religious Art Museum). Today, it houses the Museo de Arte Religioso (Religious Art Museum).
Vicus Museum Vicus Museum Intersection of Avenida Sullana and Jiron Huanuco. Intersection of Avenida Sullana Jiron and Huanuco. Telephone: (073) 32-7541. Telephone: (073) 32-7541. Visiting hours: Mon. Visiting hours: Mon. – Sat. - Sat. 8:00 AM – 10:00 PM; Sun. 8:00 a.m. to 10:00 PM, Sun. 8:00 AM – 12:00 PM 8:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. There are three halls, Ceramic Hall, Metallurgical Technology Hall, and Hall of Gold, the last of which houses sixty-one gold pieces that demonstrate the development and technology reached by the Vicus. There are three halls, Ceramic Hall, Metallurgical Technology Hall, and Hall of Gold, the last of which houses sixty-one gold pieces that demonstrate the technology and development reached by the Vicus.
Los Ejidos National Tourism Center The National Tourism Center Ejidos 10 km / 6 miles from Piura (Approximately 15 minutes by car). 10 km / 6 miles from Piura (Approximately 15 minutes by car). Visiting hours: Sat. Visiting hours: Sat. – Sun. 8:00 AM – 6:00 PM - Sun. 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 PM The center of this site is a pool of water, 20 km / 12 miles long, that was created by the damming of the Piura River. The center of this site is a pool of water, 20 km / 12 miles long, that was created by the damming of the Piura River. Animals such as the iguana, the grey heron, the grebe, and the wild geese inhabit its shores. Animals such as the iguana, the gray heron, the Grebe, and the wild geese inhabit its Shores.
5.2. CRAFT CENTERS
In Piura, there are two very important craft centers for the quality of their work and tradition that these people grow from generation to generation:
Catacaos, is considered the capital of Piura and craft Chulucanas well known for the fine works of pottery clay which gave the world back to conquering foreign markets.
Catacaos This picturesque village is located 12 km. de la ciudad de Piura, the city of Piura, its root is found mostly in the workshop and culture is characterized by the production of cotton, high quality texture and long fibers, is highly sought both at home and abroad.
Something very typical Catacaos is the innate ability of the artisans who made wonders of gold and silver, as well as straw, wood, leather, clay and clothing coveted by the hundreds of national and foreign tourists who come to this sunny land.
With just over 170 years Catacaos introduced him to all the tourists its historic and beautiful street Commerce, whose main two centuries old has received thousands of merchants who have sold their products mainly made of straw and rushes.
La Encantada (CHULUCANAS) City Chulucanas, Morropón province, is famous for its ceramics, which attracts numerous visitors for their fine work that artisans do. The luminosity of the landscape and climate are other equally powerful attraction of this place.
The fine works of pottery from this locality have been around the world and have won national and foreign markets. The roots of this art is in the culture Vicús, which left an important legacy of ceramics and silver work in the bush that bears his name. 50km Chulucanas is the Encantada, a village famous for its ceramics, themes reflected in the works of these artists are usually costume: the traditions, customs and lifestyles of the area. However, in recent years some of these potters have opted for more modern designs that do not take off from their roots to make way for modernism in the designs and details. Among the most recognized and Sosa are Gerásimo Inga Max.
In Piura can be reached easily by air, land or sea, although the latter route is not very common.
- By land: You reach the Panamerican Highway drawing now in superb condition. From Lima, you can arrive by bus in about 15-16 hours. (1035 Km. aproximadamente) (Approximately 1035 km)
- By Air: Several airlines operating flights every day. El vuelo toma aproximadamente una hora y 15 minutos. The flight takes about an hour and 15 minutes. Daily connecting flights leaving Chiclayo and Trujillo.