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Leon
CEREMUG
[[Image:]] [[Image:]]
Location [[Image:]]
Time zone GMT -6
Number of Doctors per 1000 people 4
Birth rate per 1000 people 12.4
Mortality rate per 1000 people 2.6
Member of IFMSA-MEXICO since... 2013
Number of incoming students per year ------
Who is our LEO Alfredo Ismael Medrano Castillo
LEO´s email leo_ceremug@yahoo.com.mx
Our official website / Forum / Facebook group www.facebook.com/CEREMUG
Come for exchange!
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“Welcome Note”


Welcome to Leon Guanajuato, in the heart of the country Guanajuato is the cradle of independence of Mexico come and enjoy this magic and historic place.

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“About the city”



León is a city in the Mexican state of Guanajuato. It is also the seat of the municipality of León. It has a strong leather industry, offering shoes, boots, belts, jackets, and other leather accessories both to national and international markets. In the 2010 census the National Institute of Statistics, Geography and Data Processing (INEGI) reported 1,720,733 people living in the city of León, and 2,120,504 in the metropolitan area of León making it the seventh most populous metropolitan area in Mexico. Although not the capital of the State, is considered the "Capital" for Social, Commercial and Government services. Its first-class services and hotel industry make it one of the most important centers in Mexico with numerous opportunities for entertainment, gastronomy, leisure activities, arts and recreation.[2]It is also considered one of the most environmentally friendly cities in Mexico and has a high number of cyclists, in part because of the integration a network of bike lanes into the SIT system. León has a first class public transport system. In 2011 it received an honorable mention in the "Sustainable Transport Award 2011" along with Guangzhou, China beating San Francisco, California and Zurich, Switzerland. According to the "Future Cities" of the British The Financial Times newspaper, Leon ranks first in large Latin American cities with regard to cost-effectiveness. In March it received an award as "City Water Champion", along with Buenos Aires, Argentina, Rotterdam, Holland and Lyon, France among other cities, awarded by the World Water Council Marseille, France, mainly due to great progress in the areas of sanitation and wastewater reuse and energy cogeneration from biogas.

Notable sites

  • Cathedral

The main church is called the Basilica Cathedral of Our Holy Mother of the Light and is the seat of the Archdiosis of Leon. Construction of the church was begun in 1746 by the Jesuits and is a combination of Baroque and Neo Classic architectural styles. Construction was halted only eight months after it began when the Jesuit order was expelled from Mexico by the Spanish Crown. The Obregon family, however, took over its construction, Continuing into the 19th century. The Archdiosis of Leon was created in 1864, with its first bishop, José María de Jesús Diez de Sollano y Dávalos helping to get the towers and cupola completed as he chose the church as the seat. It was finally completed and consecrated on 16 March 1866.

  • Expiatorio

Its full name is the Santuario Expiatorio del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús (Expiatory Sanctuary of the Sacred Heart of Jesus). Construction of this temple was begun in 1920 by Bernardo Chavez with the support of Bishop Emeterio Valverde y Téllez. It is neo Gothic in design, based on the old European medieval cathedrals but much of the outide wallspace is without decoration. Its work was halted by the Cristero Wars. Since then construction has continued off and on and it is considered 80% complete. An important source of income for the temple's construction is the sale of crypts. This practice was begun in 1924. A chapel dedicated to the Virgin of Lourdes was begun in 1935 and later a chapel dedicated to the Virgen of Guadalupe, which is separate from the main building, built between 1935 and 1939.

  • Municipal Palace

The current Municipal Palace is of Ionic architectural style and occupies part of the site of the old "Colegio Grande del Seminario de los Padres Paulinos" (Grand Seminary College for Pauline Priests) who had to abandon the city in 1860. From 1861 to 1867 it was a military barracks. After the French Intervention, it was remodeled to conserve its original architecture by Coronel Octaviano Rosado to become the seat of government on 21

March 1869. The patio of the building contains a bronze statue of Benito Juarez to commemorate the centennial of his death in 1972. Since then, the building has had a number of additions such as the dome that now covers this patio, and a number of murals. These murals were painted in 1972 and 1973 by Jesus Gallardo covering the walls of the main stairwell and the hallway of the upper floor around the patio. Portal of the Millennium This monument was built to celebrate the arrival of the new millennium and has become a landmark for arrival into the city. There was some concern that the monument would not be ready for New Year's 2000, however the 45-meter tall tower on five plinths was completed on time. It was built in a 5,400 square meter plaza, planted with trees. Heroes' Causeway Arch This arch, topped by a bronze lion, was begun in 1896 and has been modified a number of times in the hundred years or so since then. The first lion was added in 1943 by Francisco Lozornio Castillo made of bricks and mortar. This was replaced by the bronze one in 1958. The idea for a bronze lion was that of famous matador Antonio Velázquez, a native of Leon, whose bravery in the ring earned him the nickname of the "Heart of Leon". Not long before his death in 1959, he complained that the brick lion should be replaced with a better work of art, causing something of a commotion in the Leon community. This caught the attention of sculpture Humberto Peraza Ojeda who made the one that sits atop the arch today.




Our University


The Universidad de Guanajuato is a university based in the Mexican state of Guanajuato, made up of about 33,828 students in programs ranging from high school level to the doctorate level. Over 17,046 of those are pursuing undergraduate, masters, and doctorate degrees. The university offers 153 academic programs, including 13 doctorates, 39 masters programs, and 65 bachelor's degrees. The university has schools in fourteen cities throughout the state of Guanajuato. The University of Guanajuato boasts an academic staff recognized for its high quality. This staff carries out essential work in the areas of instruction, research, and extension. Because of its quality teachers and the unceasing efforts of its academic bodies, the University of Guanajuato carries out more scientific research than any other institution of higher education in the state; its academic units, institutes, and research centers develop projects with regional applications in benefit of all the citizens of Guanajuato.



Our health care system


The State Health System consists of three main sectors, social security, the public and private sectors. The health sector consists of institutions that cover two groups, the insured population through social security institutions that give attention to 49.81% and the uninsured through public services represents 50.19% .3 Therefore, it is a segmented system where the public subsystem serves the poor and destitute that represent a large percentage and whose resources are insufficient to ensure the quality of their services and social security subsystem to the formal working class, and where the services provided are variable in terms of quantity and quality. Independently private system meets the needs of the wealthy class and some poor that the public system could not cover. Fragmentation makes it difficult to ensure equivalent conditions of care for persons affiliated and / or occurring at various institutions.



Our hospitals


General Hospital Regional of Leon

Available departments: Surgery, Internal Medicine, pediatrics and gynecology & obstetrics.

“Accommodation and Boarding” We´ll provide you an apartment into the school and we´ll bring you two meals per day in the morning and the evening, at night you can go out with your contact person or the LEO, you´ll never stay alone.



Local transportation


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Getting there:

By plane: The state is served by the international airport of Bajio. It serves routes to Mexican cities, mainly Mexico City, Guadalajara and also has international services, with daily flights to Houston, Texas.


Airlines:

  • Aeroméxico

Ciudad de México

  • Aeroméxico Connect

Chicago-O'Hare, Ciudad de México, Ciudad Juárez, Los Ángeles, Monterrey

  • American Eagle

Dallas/Fort Worth

  • United Airlines

Houston-Intercontinental, Los Ángeles

  • United Express

operado por ExpressJet Airlines Houston-Intercontinental

  • Viva Aerobus

Monterrey

Volaris Cancún, Chicago-Midway, Tijuana


By bus: Mexico city to Leon Guanajuato

Primera Plus www.primeraplus.com Omnibus de Mexico www.odm.com

Guadalajara to Leon Guanajuato Primera Plus www.primeraplus.com


Getting around:

Leon has easy routes to travel around the city: the cheapest option to get to the hospital is by bus which costs 8 pesos MNX, however our contact person and LEO will show you the easiest and cheapest way to transport. Also you can transport by taxi is higher than a bus but is easily, the cost varies depends the distand between 40 to 80 MNX



Climate


Leon generally has a sub-humid subtropical with summer rainfall. The average annual temperature is 19.9°C (67.3°F), the warmest month is May with a maximum average of 31.7°C (88.7°F), and the coolest month is January with a minimum average temperature of 7.7°C (45°F). Leon averages 25.74 inches (681 mm) of precipitation annually, which mainly occurs during the summer and early autumn (from late May through October) generally with thunderstorms in the evening. Snowfall is extremely rare. The latest snowfall recorded in Leon was in 1997, although there have been other years of registered slushy snow since 1997.


Other cities offered for exchange

Acapulco, Chihuahua, Ciudad Mendoza, Culiacán, Durango, Gómez Palacio, Guadalajara, Guadalajara Zapopan, León, Mérida, Mexico City, Mexico City Xochimilco, Minatitlán, Montemorelos, Monterrey, Morelia, Oaxaca, Puebla, Saltillo, Tampico, Tepic, Toluca, Torreón, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Veracruz Pt., Xalapa, Zacatecas