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Revision as of 19:42, 23 January 2014
|Time zone||GMT +6|
|Member of IFMSA-MEXICO since...||2010|
|Who is our LEO||Abraham Herrera Sánchez|
|Our official website / Forum / Facebook group|| https://www.facebook.com/groups/SCOPE.Merida/
- 1 Welcome
- 2 Overview
- 3 Our health care system and the hospitals
- 4 Regional General Hospital Agustin O'Horan hospital
- 5 Our medical education
- 6 Cultural differences
- 7 Accommodation & Boarding
- 8 Social program
- 9 Local & National transportation
- 10 Weather
- 11 Social life
- 12 Special Remarks
- 13 Feedback
- 14 Other cities offered for exchange
We´re more than pleased to welcome you in "La ciudad Blanca" , Mérida, Yucatán. The largest city in the Mexico Southeast, full of culture, traditions, colors, innovation, gastronomy and kindly people. With the best hospital in the region to get a whole educational growth. Come to Mérida is an experience you will never forget!
Merida is the capital and largest city of Yucatan, founded in 1542 on the ruins of the Mayan city of T'Hó and uninhabited when the European conquerors settled in the Yucatan Peninsula. Founded by Francisco de Montejo "El Mozo", who called this way because the amazing Mayan temples and shrines were reminiscent of the Spanish buildings of masonry, raised Roman style in the other Merida, in Spain. Combining Yucatán Mayan and Spanish culture in an unprecedented fusion, Archaeological sites like Chichen Itza or Ek Balam, and picturesque villages hidden luxury estates are some of the points that encourage taking the bags.
In 2010 the city had a population of 777,615 inhabitants and its metropolitan area 957,883 inhabitants, which made it the largest population center in southeastern Mexico. Merida is the hub of the metropolitan area in which there are five towns of Yucatán. The city center was reserved for the Plaza Mayor, is now known as “Plaza Grande”. Merida is considered one of the leading digital cities in Latin America withoutstanding quality service. In 2000 the city was named the American Capital of Culture by virtue of theirvocation and who has given considerable impetus to cultural activities. On January 6, 2011, Merida was chosen as “City of Peace”.
Our health care system and the hospitals
In Mexico Health care is provided by either public or private institutions. Private health care is available to those who can afford it, and is provided by private institutions. Public health care, on the other hand, is provided to all Mexican citizens as guaranteed via Article 4 of the Constitution. Public care is either fully or partially subsidized by the federal government, depending on the person's employment status. Employed citizens and their dependents, however, are further eligible to use the health care program administered and operated by the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS) (English: Mexican Social Security Instituto.
The IMSS is a tripartite system funded equally by private employees, private employers, and the federal government. Public sector employees are serviced by the Instituto de Seguridad y Servicios Sociales de los Trabajadores del Estado (ISSSTE) (English: Institute for Social Security and Services for State Workers), which attends to the health and social care needs of government employees, this last two ones give free medicine to the people. Recently some changes on the Mexican Constitution given the right to the free health care to all the citizens, and this is warranted in a new Instution: Seguro Popular (popular Insurance) this institution gives free health care to low-income citizens. In summary most of the Mexican people get medical attention via public care this is why you will learn a lot since all of the student’s practices are performed there.
Regional General Hospital Agustin O'Horan hospital
Opened in 1906, The “General Hospital Agustin O’Horan” is considered the most important in the Mexico Southeastern. The total number of doctors attached to the General Hospital Agustin O'Horan is 223 of which 182 are in direct contact with the patient and 41 are located in support tasks, management or administration.
The specialties of the medical staff mostly correspond to the four basic to be reckoned with in the second-level units such as Pediatrics, Surgery, Internal Medicine and Gynecology and Obstetrics, coexisting general medical staff and medical personnel who have subspecialties that are ranked first and third levels respectively.
These specialties have joined the hospital benefits provided according to the historical demand generated by the population at large, object of this hospital or conditioned by the pathologies that need to be addressed and that no other health institutions serving this population.
Areas The hospital has the following focus areas: Outpatient, Inpatient, Emergency,Laboratory Medicine, Imaging, Clinical Archives, Government Area.
Outpatient consultation: in this area are 25 offices of which 5 of them are for General Medicine, the remaining 20 are to distribute the consultation of various specialties and subspecialties.
Hospital area: Distributed in the 4-story tower, which has 45 internal medicine hospital beds, General Surgery which is included with 75 Orthopedics, Pediatrics 50, 38 and Neonatology Obstetrics and Gynecology with 30 having a total of 238.
There are 6 operating rooms operating rooms operating all of the 6 operating rooms, one is intended only for emergencies so that only 5 operating theaters, are aimed at solving different surgical procedures.
Emergency Room: has 8 cubicles in which are seen in table 2 patients each, the high demand for referral within the state, make this service is always full with a lot of job, the adult service is 24 pediatric beds and 14 free, has first contact area and recently added shock room. It has a single outpatient clinic for area adults and one pediatric to address a potential user population of 850,000.
In general, one can see that the supply of general hospital medical specialties is corresponding to the basic set for the second level, but include others within the area of the third level as described above coexist with services identified as the area of primary care Medic.
- Family Planning.
- Internal Medicine.
- Gastro / Neurology.
- General Surgery.
Our medical education
Founded in 1833, the Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan is one of the oldest in the country and the best Medical School in the México Southeastern. The student program is separated into the basic sciences (the first and thirth year) and the clinical cycle (form the fourth to the sixth year). The basic cycle includes anatomy, histology, embryology, biochemistry, pathology, pharmacology, physiology among others. The classes consist of lectures, audio-visual performances by doctors and/or students in the classrooms. There are also laboratory lessons, and practices in the amphitheater with corpses. In the clinical years, the classes are taken at the different hospitals available for our school, which includes some of the most important hospitals in Merida as hospital O’Horan, Hospital Juarez o T-1 Clinic. The internship or “internado “during the sixth year, the students have to make rotating internship, where the student gains further supervised clinical experience at a hospital. Social Service the Social Service (Servicio Social) is a full one-year (after the intership), mandatory, federally supported activity. All medical graduates must participate in this year of social service in Mexico. This year is done primarily in very small, economically disadvantaged towns devoid of health-care facilities. At the end of this year, the medical can apply for their license to practice medicine.
Merida has a reputation as a cultured city. Besides mentioned, culture is unique in Merida Yucatan
Art and Music
With respect to the Yucatan's Trova music genre emerged in Yucatan in the late nineteenth century. A particular distinction of Yucatecan trova is its diversity of guitar and vocal harmonies, as well as its rhythms.
The Yucatan Jarana is also a musical genre that has been danced by generations and is considered a local adaptation by the Maya, introduced during colonial times, there are a variety of dances which are accompanied by music from the revelry, among them are the dance of the ribbons and dance of the pig's head.
Merida also has libraries, theaters, art galleries and exhibition centers, museums of all kinds and particularly contemporary art gallery called “Museum of Athens Contemporary Art of Yucatán” (MACAY)
Language and accent
The Spanish spoken in Merida and all Yucatan is readily identifiable as different with respect to that practiced in the rest of the Mexican Republic. This is mainly due to the significant influence of the Mayan language, still spoken by more than one third of the population of the state of Yucatan, especially in rural areas. The Mayan language is melodic, full of sounds of X ("x" is pronounced "sh" in the Mayan language). The language of Yucatan is also distinguished by using many words of Maya origin, as purux (fat), tuch (navel) and wixar(urinate). The Spanish of Yucatan is thus characterized by a soft accent equipped with a cadence and a recognizable and unique rhythm, intonation which forced due to phonation is peculiar and unique in the Mexican national context. These features combined with the words imported from the Maya language and in some cases "hispanicised" and that have permeated the Spanish forms, make the regional language in a language itself.
The Yucatecan cuisine basically derived from the Hispanic culture and the Mayan culture. The taste that characterizes it depends on the combination of recipes and ingredients that give rise. Its characteristic flavor is recognized by the dominance of the seasoning used in the season. Corn is an essential component of Yucatecan food, and consumed abundantly. The habanero chile and products made with corn dough accompany most Yucatecan dishes. The dishes are based largely on pork, venison, turkey and lots of seafood products derived from large peninsular coastlineMain ingredients Some of the main ingredients of the Yucatecan cuisine are: Chile Habanero, indispensable companion with the tortilla on the Yucatecan dishes. pumpkin seed, oregano, red onion, sour orange, the sweet chile, lime, achiote, xcatik chile and cilantro. Condiments are part of the secret, the water also affects the region and of course the same ingredients are crucial to the taste of Yucatecan dishes. These are influenced by the original kitchen Maya.
Main Dishes Some of the most sampled dishes are: - Poc Chuc: roast pork marinated in sour orange juice and accompanied by grilled onions chopped and sal.
- Salbutes and Panuchos: Salbutes consist of corn tortillas fried in oil or lard, served with lettuce, sliced tomato, onion seasoned meat, turkey or chicken andavocado. The panuchos, much like the above with the difference that it has a crisp tortillastuffed with beans.
- Cochinita pibil: pork marinated in achiote, sour orange juice, garlic, salt and pepper, wrapped in banana leaves and baked underground.
- Beans with pork: pork cooked beans, served with rice and accompanied by Chiltomate (tomato sauce, chiles and spices), radish, cilantro and onion.
- Relleno Negro: cooked turkey meat with a black paste of seasonings in the region, served in tacos or sandwiches.
- Lime soup: broth, shredded chicken, tortilla chips and lime juice.
- Papadzul: egg tacos, covered with a paste of ground pumpkin seeds, tomato and onion sauce.
- Queso Relleno, Dutch cheese, stuffing a hash of ground meat with almonds, raisins, olives, capers, peppers and various spices, bathed in a white sauce known as kol (pebre) and a tomate.5
- Mukbil Pollo: is a dish made of chicken meat or chicken, surrounded by a mass nixtamalized corn fact and buried for slow cooking, wrapped in banana leaves or stalks of hemp. It is the traditional food or food Pixan Hanal Day of the Dead,November 2.
EL "Hanal Pixán"
In all civilized countries it is a tradition to commemorate the Day of the Dead with various manifestations of mourning devoted to their dead relatives.
These practices are specified to pray, strings of souls, wreaths and visits to cemeteries. Between us, in America, almost everywhere, lamps are lit on the graves and there is general walk holy and light fields where the dead are buried. In Yucatan, the custom is different from the rest of the country and perhaps around the world.
Since November 1 “All Saints Day”, and dedicated to the "little ones" (dead children), buns are made of wheat flour in the form of animal figurines and dolls, to offer the souls of those. On November 2, Day of the Dead, the Indians made a huge round cake, about thirty centimeters in diameter, made of corn dough and butter, stuffed with chicken and pork and seasoned with tomato and chile, which are very tasty. ... These corn cakes wrapped in banana leaves, as tamales are cooked barbecue cooks in a large hole under the earth, or "chicken pibil," very popular hybrid word.
All the food stay all the November 1 and 2 in small altars inside or close of the family houses to honor the dead ones. Is a very popular tradition to put in this altar the things that the dead one used to consume, for example, cigarretes, beer, tequila, pulque, or his favorite meal. And when the souls of the dead "have taken the grace," the family can eat all in the altar, and is like “Eat with your dead ones”.
Accommodation & Boarding
The accommodation is in student houses, with a Mexican family, most are near the hospital and with easy transport. Or Just in case you want it, we can help you to get a Hotel close to the Hospital. Sometimes we also have available a house only to exchanges, where you can socialize with students from other cultures. Our priority is to give you the closest house to the Hospital, but sometimes it is just impossible to us, but don’t worry, you will find that the Merida public transport is very easy and cheap, and even fun!. The hospital will give you at least 2 meals (breakfast & lunch) so you only have to worry about dinner, which we invite you to try one of the many good traditional restaurants in town.
- National Food and Drinking Party with the different traditional dishes and drinks.
- Parties with the entire committee and other Incomings.
- Visits to the city with a member of the Local Committee.
- On sunday morning the mains streets are closed, so you can rent a bike a ride all over the city center
- A trip to a close archaeological site.
- Participate in the Traditional Carnival (only in February -March).
- The archaeological site of Chichen Itza and Dzibilchaltun are the two best places to appreciate the equinox. Archaeo-astronomical phenomenon, in which the earth is illuminated by the sun the same way in the northern hemisphere and in the south. On the evening of 21 March and 22 September, during the spring and fall equinoxes respectively, there is a solar projection consisting of seven triangles of light, reversed as a result of the shadow cast by the nine platforms that building, at sunset, simulating the image of a serpent descending on the balustrades of the staircase of the north staircase of the Pyramid of Kukulcan at Chichen Itza.
- Cenote: Is a flooded karstic depression found in some deep caverns, made by the roofs that collapsed in one or more caves. There we can found groundwater, forming a more or less deep pond, with clear and clean whater making a perfect please to swim and snorkeling, enjoy the flora and fauna, but specially to relax because the minerals in the whater have good effects for the body.
Mar, just a few minutes from Merida can find beautiful beaches such as: Puerto Progrso (40 min away), Sisal, Rio Lagartos, Telchac, and Celustun, a harbor full of mystery, a place where the most exotic species of geography Yucatan like the flamingo.
- On November 11 the x'matkuil Yucatan Fair is opened and ends on December 4, making this the largest center of entertainment and amusement in southeastern Mexico.
- Hanal Pixan. (November 1 and 2) characterized Feast to honor the dead, eating the famous "Pibi-pollo."
- Christmas Posada with Shelter kids of the Hospital (December 16-24).
Local & National transportation
Merida has a International Airport Manuel Crescencio Rejón. It has commercial flights to many cities in Mexico, as well as international destinations such as Miami, Houston, Habana. Move over one million passengers annually and is administered by the Airports Company of South East (ASUR).
Public transport is provided by terrestrial local bus companies to virtually every corner of the sprawling city of Merida, state and mainland territory. Similarly, the Yucatan Peninsula with Merida it is served by several transportation companies that the link road conveniently with the rest of the country. You can visit any beach close to Mérida, like Cancun o Playa del Carmen just at few hours of distance.
There are at inner city taxi efficient service provided by various private companies, which operates the system of "ruleteo" (rolling over) in the streets and "places" where it needs to communicate to hire the service.
- Public Bus (inside the city): half a dollar each way (six pesos).
- Taxi: Depends of the distance, taxi meter. Hospital to the city center: 2.5 dollars (thirty five pesos).
- Bus to Cancun: 22.5 Dollars (two hundred eighty-six pesos).
- Bus to Playa del Cármen: 25 dollars (three hundred eighteen pesos).
In general the climate is warm and humid with summer rains (June to October) and monthly mean temperature of 25.9 ° C. So leave your coat at home and come with your sun protector, Sun glasses, hat, short and bikini.
Ok, Ok, too much of tradition, learning, hospital, school, let’s talk about what usually do to have fun. Night life in Mérida is just awesome; you can choose between too many national or internationals restaurants and have a dinner with the good taste of the Mérida kitchen. If you enjoy of drink or dance with good music you can visit one of a lot of pubs, and Night clubs spread all over the city. We also have many salsa clubs, when you can go to dance good salsa with live music.
Other cities offered for exchange
Acapulco, Chihuahua, Ciudad Mendoza, Culiacán, Durango, Gómez Palacio, Guadalajara, Guadalajara Zapopan, León, Mérida, Mexico City, Mexico City Xochimilco, Minatitlán, Montemorelos, Monterrey, Morelia, Oaxaca, Puebla, Saltillo, Tampico, Tepic, Toluca, Torreón, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Veracruz Pt., Xalapa, Zacatecas