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Macedonia
MMSA-Macedonia
Macedonian flag.png MMSA-Macedonia.jpg
Location Europe-Macedonia.png


Participating cities (LC's) Skopje

Ohrid

Štip

Tetovo

Languages Macedonian, English
Currency (how much is a Bigmac?) Denar (250 denar's)
Time zone GMT+1
Number of Doctors and beds per 1000 people 2 doctors and 4 beds per 1000 people
Member of IFMSA since... 1993
Number of incoming students per year 80 (SCOPE), 30 (SCORE)
Who are our NEO's / NORE's NEO - Avdi Murtezani

NORE - Mario Jovanoski

Our official website / Forum / Facebook group http://www.mmsa.mk / http://www.facebook.com/mmsaofficial
Come for exchange!
Ifmsalogo.jpg


Welcome Note

Welcome to MMSA - Macedonia SCOPE and SCORE page!

As SCOPE and SCORE we are trying to offer to our students from all the health branches an oportunity of expanding their knowledge about Health in all over the world. We believe that this is a great opportunity to form better health professionals giving them experiences in other healthcare systems.

Also accepting students from abroad is an unique opportunity to show our culture and our country and make them coming back soon!

Hope you will choose us to have such a great experience!


Macedonia Timeless

Macedonian Wines - Macedonia Timeless


Overview

Macedonia (mæsɨˈdoʊniə/ mas-i-doh-nee-ə; Macedonian: Македонија), officially the Republic of Macedonia (Република Македонија, transliterated: Republika Makedonija [rɛˈpublika makɛˈdɔnija] ( listen)), is a country located in the central Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe. It is one of the successor states of the former Yugoslavia, from which it declared independence in 1991. It became a member of the United Nations in 1993.

A landlocked country, the Republic of Macedonia is bordered by Kosovo[a] to the northwest, Serbia to the north, Bulgaria to the east, Greece to the south and Albania to the west.[11] The country's capital is Skopje, with 506,926 inhabitants according to a 2002 census. Other cities include Bitola, Kumanovo, Prilep, Tetovo, Ohrid, Veles, Štip, Kočani, Gostivar and Strumica. It has more than 50 lakes and sixteen mountains higher than 2,000 m (6,562 ft). Macedonia is a member of the UN and the Council of Europe.


Our health care system

Macedonia has an improving standard of compulsory state funded healthcare, which is available free to all citizens and registered

long-term residents. Private healthcare is also available in the country. The Ministry of Health oversees the health service and

the Health Insurance Fund (HIF) collects the contributions, allocate funds, supervise and contract healthcare providers. All

citizens are entitled by law to equal access to healthcare.


The hospitals

Hospitals in Macedonia are known for providing efficient medical service to their patients. The hospitals here are equipped with all such facilities and instruments that are required to handle any unforeseen situation.

Most of the hospitals at Macedonia are very well furnished with all the basic medical care facilities. Many of them are also equipped with ultra modern medical amenities so as to match the international standards.

The medical services provided by hospitals of Macedonia are listed below : - 24 hour ambulance services - blood bank facility - pathology laboratory - radiology laboratory - 24 hour pharmacy

Macedonia hospitals are equipped to handle large and deadly diseases such as cancer, leukemia, tuberculosis, hepatitis A and B, etc. or epidemics such as plague, dengue, malaria, jaundice, flu, etc. Most of the hospitals also provide medical service for burn care or any other emergency cases.

Some of the most famous hospitals in Macedonia are listed below:

Campus Mother Theresa - Skopje

City Hospital - Skopje

Army Hospital - Skopje

City Hospital - Tetovo

City Hospital - Stip

City Hospital - Ohrid

St.Erazmo - Ohrid

St.Stefan - Ohrid



Our medical education

niversity level first stage: First degree: Diploma Visokog obrazovanja:

Courses leading to the Diploma Visokog obrazovanja last from three to six years.

University level second stage: Second degree: Magister:

Courses leading to the Magister require two years' further study and the defence of a thesis.

University level third stage: Third degree: Doktorat:

The Doctorate (PhD) is the highest scientific degree. It is the result of independent research. The public defence of a doctoral thesis is required .


Cultural differences

Robevci House

Macedonia has a rich cultural heritage in art, architecture, poetry, and music. It has many ancient, protected religious sites. Poetry, cinema, and music festivals are held annually. Macedonian music styles developed under the strong influence of Byzantine church music. Macedonia has a significant number of preserved Byzantine fresco paintings, mainly from the period between the 11th and 16th centuries. There are several thousands square metres of fresco painting preserved, the major part of which is in very good condition and represent masterworks of the Macedonian School of ecclesiastical painting. The most important cultural events in the country are the Ohrid Summer festival of classical music and drama, the Struga Poetry Evenings which gather poets from more than 50 countries in the world, International Camera Festival in Bitola, Open Youth Theatre and Skopje Jazz Festival in Skopje etc. The Macedonian Opera opened in 1947 with a performance of Cavalleria rusticana under the direction of Branko Pomorisac. Every year, the May Opera Evenings are held in Skopje for around 20 nights. The first May Opera performance was that of Kiril Makedonski's Tsar Samuil in May 1972.


Tavče Gravče

Macedonian cuisine is a representative of the cuisine of the Balkans—reflecting Mediterranean (Greek and Turkish) and Middle Eastern influences, and to a lesser extent Italian, German and Eastern European (especially Hungarian) ones. The relatively warm climate in Macedonia provides excellent growth conditions for a variety of vegetables, herbs and fruits. Thus, Macedonian cuisine is particularly diverse.


Famous for its rich Šopska salad, an appetizer and side dish which accompanies almost every meal, Macedonian cuisine is also noted for the diversity and quality of its dairy products, wines, and local alcoholic beverages, such as rakija. Tavče Gravče and mastika are considered the national dish and drink of the Republic of Macedonia, respectively.


Accommodation & Boarding

Either student flats or Dormitory .


Social program

Organized by LEOs .


Local & National transportation

Citizens of the European Union and of the countries signatories to the Schengen Agreement can enter only with a valid officially issued ID card (or a passport). Visas are not required by nationals from the following countries: Albania, Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium, Bosnia and , Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Holy See, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kosovo, Latvia, Lithuania, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Macao, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Saint Kitts and Nevis, San Marino, Seychelles, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Serbia, Switzerland, Sweden, Spain, Turkey, UK, USA, Uruguay and Venezuela.

The period of stay is regulated under the issued visa, but is no longer than 90 days. The visa free stay is 90 days, with the exception of Turkey, Japan and Montenegro where the visa free stay is 60 days. Any foreign national possessing a valid multi entry Schengen visa (valid for the entire territory of the Schengen zone) may enter and stay in the Republic of Macedonia up to 15 days without having to possess a Macedonian visa. Please note that border guards may not be fully aware of this information, and they might tell you that you require a visa to enter Macedonia. Stay calm and politely ask them to recheck their information. They will fill a form with your passport and car registration information which can take up to 1 hour!

By plane

Republic of Macedonia has two international airports, the main airport in the capital Skopje "Alexander the Great Airport" (SKP) and another in Ohrid "St.Paul the Apostle Airport" (OHD). There are around 150 flights in a week from different European cities to Skopje. Macedonian Government currently awarded one Turkish Airport Operator Company (TAV) to construct a brand new Terminal building in Skopje Airport and is estimated to be finished less than two years. From the low-cost airlines only WizzAir[4] flies directly between Skopje and London (Luton Airport). Another option to travel into Republic of Macedonia is to fly to Thessaloniki (SKG) or to Sofia (SOF) and get a taxi or bus from there. There are 5 buses from Sofia Central Bus Station to Skopje, leaving at 9:00, 12:00, 16:00, 17:00 and 00:00. The two bus companies which operate these services are MATPU and Kaleia, both of which are located outside the main bus terminal. Single ticket is approximately 16 Euros (32 Lev). There are also services from Skopje to Sofia at similar prices and times for a return flight home. Additionally, if you contact the Sofia Tourist Information Service, they can normally put you in contact with private tranfer companies who will pick you up at the airport and take you to Skopje. Prices range from as little at €60 to €160. Negotiating with taxis can be trickier but may be able to get a cheaper price. If you fly to Thessaloniki, you can go by public bus (24/7) for 0,50 EUR to the train station and catch a train from there (14 EUR oneway).

By train

Regular train service connects the Republic of Macedonia to Greece in the South (Note 13 April 2011: all international trains to Greece have been stopped until further notice as of February 2011) and Serbia in the North. A cheap way of traveling to or from Macedonia might be the Balkan Flexipass.

By car

Be sure your Green Card (International Insurance Card) has an uncanceled "MK" box. Try to get a good map of the Republic of Macedonia and/or try to be able to read Cyrillic letters. Although most street signs are printed in Cyrillic and Latin letters it can be helpful to have a little knowledge of the Cyrillic alphabet, especially in small towns.

By bus

Eurobus is an international coach operator based in Macedonia that has almost daily tours from Austria, Germany, Switzerland, Italy and Slovenia. Prices from 60€ and possible to get student discount. The website of the bus company is available in German. Almost daily in modern coaches from Switzerland, Germany, Austria, Italy, Slovenia. Stops in the major cities Skopje, Tetovo, Ohrid. €75/€140rt from Vienna. There are bus connections from Serbia, Kosovo, Bulgaria, Slovenia, Croatia and Turkey to Skopje. In addition some buses, those operated by Drity tours at least, run from Tirana to Pristina via Skopje (don't expect them to wake you up or stop anywhere near Skopje bus station though) In Skopje, there are two bus terminals. Most buses come to the new terminal, but some connections (for example to Pristina) are serviced by the old one, which is located at the city center. If you need to change the terminals, you need to walk to the stone bridge over Vardar and cross the bridge (about 2.5 km) or take a taxi. At both terminals, you will be constantly nagged by taxi drivers, who will try to convince you to use their services. Unless you have too much money to throw away, you shouldn't take their advice. The taxi is likely to be heavily overpriced, especially for foreigners, while the buses are cheap, clean and safe.

By boat

There are plenty of boats for charter around Lake Ohrid and will show you the whole lake for a cheap price.


Weather

Republic of Macedonia is characteristic of three different climates:

- Changed Mediteranean

- Mountaneous

- Mildly Continental

The changed mediteranean climate is represented in the Gevgelija-Valandovo ravine, the Dojran and the Strumica-Radovis ravines. It can also go as north as Skopje following the flow of the Vardar river. This climate is characterized with long and dry summers and mild and rainy winters. The spring and the fall are not very noticable. The fall is longer and warmer and the spring is shorter and colder. The average temperature in the hottest month - July, is about 25 degrees Celsius. Demir Kapija is the hottest town in the country with a summer temperature that can get up to 40 degrees Celsius. The average temperature in the coldest month - January, is relatively high with about 3 degrees Celsius.

The average yearly rainfall in the areas with changed mediteranean climate is fairly low. The average yearly rainfall by the Vardar river is less than 500 mm., and it is one of the driest regions in the country. In the other areas of the changed mediteranean climate the average rainfall is 600-750 mm. Snowfall is very rare for these areas.

The mountaneous climate, as its name suggests, is found in the high mountaneous regions of the country. It is characterized with long and snowy winters and short and cold summers. The spring is colder than the fall.

The temperature in the mountaneous climate decreases with the increase of the elevation. That is why the lowest temperatures are found in the highest parts of the mountains. The Sar Planina, for example, has negative average temperatures in four months of the year, and it is also similar with the other high mountains.

The coldest months are January and February, and the warmest July and August. However, even in the warm months there can be big weather changes and even snowfalls.

As for the precipitation, the regions from the mountaneous climate have the highest yearly precipitation in the country with as much rain and snowfall as 1,000 mm. The precipitation decreases as you go east and in the Eastern part of the country it is 600-700 mm. The average period that the snow stays on the mountains is from November to April, but in the higher mountains the snow can stay until the end of May.

The mildly continental climate is the most characteristic for Republic of Macedonia, since it covers the biggest area of the country. It is characterized with relatively cold and humid winters and warm and dry summers. The spring is colder than the fall.

There are differences in the average temperatures in the regions of the mildly continental climate. This is because of the differences in the regions' geographic latitude, elevation, etc. The average July temperature is highest in the Ovcepole, Kocani, and Skopje ravines. The average January temperature is lowest in the Malesevo ravine.

The yearly precipitation also differs, ranging from 490 mm., in the Ovcepole ravine, to 760 mm., in the Prespa ravine. Apart from rain and snow, there is also hail-fall in these regions.


Social life

The Republic of Macedonia has very rich social life. In every town you will find café-bars for day and night entertainment where you can spend many enjoyable moments with your friends. Starting from cafes, bars and restaurants to the most attractive clubs and discotheques during the whole week .


Feedback

Ab .


Cities offered for exchange

Skopje

Bitola

Ohrid