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A Little Bit of History

Pelotas (RS)

Pelotas is a city in southern Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul, considered one of Brazil's regional capitals, has a population of 327,778 inhabitants and is the third most populous in the state.

It is located on the banks of the Canal São Gonçalo that connects the Lagoa dos Patos and Mirim, the largest in Brazil, in Rio Grande do Sul in southern Brazil, occupying an area of ​​1,609 km ² and about 92% of the population total residing in the urban area. Pelotas is located 250 kilometers from Porto Alegre, the capital of the state.

In the economic history of the city there is the production of beef jerky that was sent to all of Brazil, and made the wealth of Pelotas in the past. The city has five institutions of higher education, four major technical schools, three theaters, a public library, twenty-three museums, two daily newspapers, three television stations, an airport and a seaport located on river-banks of the lake São Gonçalo Channel.

Both the urban and the rural area of Pelotas has monuments, landscapes and beautiful views that led the Brazilian television to choose the city has twice as a backdrop for their productions: "Incident in Antares," whose location was made ​​in the area of port, and "The House of Seven Women," recorded in a dried meat in the countryside.

In Pelotas is held every year the traditional Fenadoce - National Fair - Sweet, party events anchored by the famous sweets of Portuguese origin and making the fame of Pelotas.

Weather

The climate is humid subtropical Pelotas or tempered, as represented by Köppen Cfa.

The summers are tepid and regular rainfall, with absolute maximum temperatures of the year at between 34 ° C and 36 ° C, approximately, while winters are relatively cold, with frequent frosts (average 20 per year) and occurrence of fog, with absolute minimum temperatures of the years between -2 ° C and 0 ° C.

The average annual temperature in urban area is 17.5 ° C, January being the hottest month with an average temperature of 23 ° C, and July the coldest month, averaging 12 ° C. The daily temperature range (difference between the minimum and maximum temperatures of a day) is usually moderate, between 8 and 9 degrees, and days with high temperature ranges (up to 20 degrees) are not rare to occur, especially in the fall.

The average annual rainfall is 1379 mm, with rainfall evenly distributed throughout the year, in February, with 145 mm of precipitation, the wettest month. The relative humidity is quite high (with an annual average of about 80%). There is a popular saying that pellets would be the second most humid city in the world, second only to London.


Arriving at the City

By Plane

The addresses of the Airports are:


Guarulhos International Aiport

n/n Hélio Smidt Road

Ed. Interligação

Guarulhos - SP

Phone: 0 +55 11 2445-3484

Distance from Sao Paulo Downtown: 25 km

Guarulhos Airport


Congonhas National Airport

Address: n/n Washington Luiz Avenue

Phone: 0 +55 11 5090-9000

Congonhas Airport

Once at the Congonhas Airport, just take a plane to Rio Preto. It's a very fast trip (about 50 minutes)


You can buy your flight ticket in one of these companies:

TAM - on the top of the page, just click on "Alterar País"

TRIP

Passaredo


Knowing the University Campus

The university was founded on August 8, 1969. Participated in the core form UFPel the following units: School of Domestic Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (Rural Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul), Faculty of Law, Faculty of Dentistry and Institute of Sociology and Policy (Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul Pelotas) and the traditional Eliseu Maciel Agronomy School (FAEM) (the oldest in Brazil, having its origins in the Imperial School of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture Practica founded in 1883),

In the same year on December 16, the UFPel was integrated than those of the core form for the following academic units: Institute of Biology, Institute of Social Sciences, Institute of Chemistry and Geosciences, Institute of Physics and Mathematics and Institute of Arts. University were added to the following institutions: School of Fine Arts "Dona Carmen Simões Trápaga", Faculty of Medicine, Institution of Higher Education pro-State and Southern Conservatory of Music in Pelotas. Joined the University as additional bodies, the Experimental Station Piratini, the Training and Information Center of the South, the University Press, Central Library, the Student Museum and the House and as complementary bodies, the Agricultural College of Grace and the Viscount College of Rural Home Economics.

Over time, some significant changes occurred on the academic structure, the creation of courses, creation, incorporation, transformation and extinction of Units, as well as courses in the transformation of units.


The Hospital

The Support Foundation University - FAU was established in 1981 by a group of servers at the Federal University of Pelotas in order to provide initial support for the implementation of projects and activities UFPel.

Since then, the FAU has been a major supporter of the University. Thanks to a strong and competent management structure, supported by a multidisciplinary team technique, which allows an organized financial management, the foundation's work results in scientific and technological growth, and research, and educational assistance included in all activities of the institution.

The great joy to see that the effort precedes great results becomes increasingly sure of being present on the right path.


The City

With the ethnic mix that characterizes Pelotas, not surprisingly, is a rich cultural and political center, known as the Athens and Rio Grande. Birthplace and home to numerous personalities of national culture, as regionalist writer João Simões Lopes Neto (1865 - 1916), author of Guasca Songbook (1910), Tales Gaucho (1912) and Legends of the South (1913), Hipólito José da Costa - patron of the press in Brazil, and the painter Leopoldo Gotuzzo, whose work beyond the boundaries of Pelotas up winning awards and exhibitions in Europe, and the already mentioned Caringi Antonio (1905 - 1981), internationally recognized sculptor Pelotense, and Senator Joaquim Augusto de Assumpção, founder of the Bank Pelotense.

Currently, the Centro Cultural Costa Adail Benedict also functions as the headquarters of the Municipal Culture, with two showrooms (INAH Avila and Antonio Costa Caringi) in addition to the Bistro, used for events in general. The building is part of the heritage listed by IPHAN and is located at Praça Coronel Pedro Osório, 02.

Library


Headquarters of the Public Library of Pelotas.

The Public Library of Pelotas was conceived by Antonio Joaquim Dias, director of the newspaper Correio Mercantil. The board first met Jose Vieira da Cunha, Saturnino de Arruda, Carlos Pinto de Araujo and Jose Ruiz. It was opened on March 5, 1876, on land donated by the Viscount of Grace, telling the time with 900 volumes. It was then built its own headquarters, the current Praça Coronel Pedro Osório. The second floor Pelotense Public Library was built in the administration of Mayor Joaquim Augusto de Assumpção Júnior.



Theatres and museums

Pelotas has two theaters: Teatro Sete de Abril, which is one of the most traditional and oldest operating in Brazil, and whose construction is 1831, and the Teatro Guarani.

The city has several museums: Museum of Natural History Charles Ritter, Leopoldo Gotuzzo Museum of Art, Museum of the Baroness, the Historical Museum Assumption Assumption of Helena, Jerky Museum, Museum of the Sweet, the Football Museum, Museum of Sacred Art John Paul II Memorial Beach Laranjal Arthur Augusto de Assumpção, among others.


Events

The street carnival in Pelotas, is nationally known for the spontaneity of the carnival to take to the streets and ensure the happiness of the people [37].

The National Fair Sweet, Fenadoce popularly called, is a very prestigious event nationwide and is held annually during the mid-year (in 2008, was held between June 4 and June 22). The first edition of the festival was held in 1986 and has since established itself in the main tourist attraction in the South Zone of Rio Grande do Sul, with a mix of concerts, gastronomy, leisure and tourism [38].

The municipality of Pelotas receives a large share of tourists during the event, coming from various parts of the country, coming in order to know the Pelotense cuisine, with its sweet of Portuguese origin, and other sweet German origins, Italian and Arabic. [39]


Architecture and monuments


The city had a strong aesthetic influence of Portuguese, with their houses with Portuguese ceramics on the facade. Pelotas is very rich in architectural treasures and monuments, many heritage listed by the city and state.


Church of the Redeemer Anglican Church of Rio Grande do Sul

The Grand Hotel was inaugurated in 1928. The building has four floors, featuring an Art Nouveau style. Today the building is closed and belongs to the municipality.

The Cathedral of the Redeemer, also known as "Hairy Church," and that is the headquarters of the Brazilian Episcopal Church of the Anglican Communion, was known for its characteristic vegetation. It opened its doors in 1892. Its tower is 27 meters high, and the stained glass came from New York.



Cathedral Saint Francis of Paula

The San Francisco de Paula Cathedral is considered the most important religious shrine in the city for its size, beauty and the works of art found inside. The start of construction was in 1813. The Cathedral houses the image of San Francisco de Paula, unknown author, who was brought from the colony of Sacramento.

The painter Aldo Locatelli (1915 - 1962) came from Italy especially to the frescoes on the ceiling and walls of the cathedral St. Francis of Paula, at the invitation of Don Antonio Zatti, then bishop of Pelotas. Although he has chosen to stay in Rio Grande do Sul, and make many other important works in Brazil, panels and walls, this is considered his greatest work, along with the cross of St. Pellegrino in Caxias do Sul

Also deserving attention is the "Museum of the Baroness," which was constructed in the nineteenth century, occupying an area of ​​approximately 7 acres, possessing 22 parts and an internal courtyard. Lining it all, several gardens were cultivated. [40]


Internet Acess

There are many plaes that you can have internet acess

If you bring your laptop, you'll can acess wireless internet at college (just academic pages), at shoppings and on the host's house, if she/he have wireless router.

If you don't, you can acess on the college computers at the library (just academic pages), at host's house and on lan houses

Type of Accomodation

Host's House or Student Hostel

You will be provided accommodation with one host student (of course a student from our med school), who may live alone, with the family or with other students as well. We’ll be sending you his/her e-mail, or he/she will get in touch, so you can have a better contact before arriving. Your meals will be served at the cafeteria of the hospital.


The Local Committee

Social Programs

The Social Programs will be provided by the Local Committee

We will have the International Dinner, in which every foreign prepares some typical food of your country, and we prepare something typical from Brazil

Besides the International Dinner, we will organize tours to knowing the city!

We can also enjoy together the night life, going on the best clubs and bars of the city!