Naples is a city in the southern part of Italy. Capital of the region of Campania and of the province of Naples. The city is known for its rich history, art, culture, architecture, music and gastronomy. It is located halfway between two volcanic areas, the volcano Mount Vesuvius and the Phlegraean Fields, sitting on the coast by the Gulf of Naples.
Founded in the 8th century BC,as a Greek colony, under the name of Parthenope, and later Neápolis (New City), Naples is one of the oldest cities in the world, and it held an important role in Magna Graecia; the Greek culture of Naples will be essential for the Roman society. When the city became part of the Roman Republic in the central province of the Empire, was a major cultural center. The city has seen a multitude of civilizations come and go, each leaving their mark: now the historic city centre is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. The historic city centre of Naples is the largest in Europe(1,700 hectares).
National Archaeological Museum of Naples
One of the world's best collections of Greek and Roman antiquities can be found in the National Archaeological Museum of Naples, or Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Napoli. Many of the artifacts come from the nearby excavations at Pompeii and Herculaneum, well-preserved sites that were buried by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79AD. There's an impressive display of mosaics and frescoes including an exhibit of erotic art from Pompeii. There's also an interesting section on prehistory and a huge display of coins.
Capodimonte Museum and National Galleries
Capodimonte was built as King Charles III's hunting lodge. The Museum and National Galleries of Capodimonte, Museo e le Gallerie Nazionali di Capodimonte, houses one of Italy's richest museums with a large picture gallery with medieval through contemporary artworks. Be sure to visit the royal apartments decorated with furniture, tapestries, and porcelan from the Bourbon and Savoy dynasties. You can wander around the surrounding park, too.
Santa Chiara Monastery and Museum
Santa Chiara Monastery is known for the beautiful Majolica tiled columns and benchs in its cloister.
San Severo Chapel Museum
San Severo Chapel Museum, Museo Cappella San Severo, presents among its masterpieces :the famous Veiled Christ by Sanmartino, a floor labyrinth, and the interesting anatomical machines in the underground chamber.
San Lorenzo Maggiore Museum and Underground Naples
Part of the original Roman city under the historic center of Naples has been excavated, including the area believed to be the Roman forum.
Duomo or Cathedral Archeological Area and Museum
In the church hosts the Crypt and Treasure of San Gennaro, patron of the town.
Primo Policlinico Piazza Miraglia
Azienda Ospedaliera Monaldi V. L.bianchi, 1
Incurabili V. M Longo,50
Loreto Mare V A. Vespucci
In Napoli you can enjoy the wonderful Mediterranean weather. The sun shines 250 days per year. Even in the hot August days a light wind coming from the sea will accompany your stay. Anyway in those days it would be useful to stay in the shadow between 1:00 P.M. and 3:00 P.M.
The average temperatures are between 25° C (77° F) and 31° C (88° F) in the summer. The autumns are sometimes damp with some rainy days. In the winter the are less rainy days and the temperatures are between 4° C (40° F) and 11° C (52° F), but you should not be surprised if you will get a sunny day with 16° C (61° F) in the middle of Januar.