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PERÚ
APEMH
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Logo apemh.png
Location Puon.gif
Participating cities (LC's) Lima

Tacna
Arequipa
Cuzco
Trujillo

Languages Official language: Spanish

Co-official languages: Quechua and Aymara

Currency (how much is a Bigmac?) We use the "Nuevo Sol" (PEN) represented as S/.

$1.00 = S/.2.50
Price of a big mac = s/.4.90

Time zone (GMT-05:00) Bogotá, Lima, Quito, Rio Branco
Number of Doctors and beds per 1000 people
Member of IFMSA since... 2006
Number of incoming students per year around 110
Who is our NEO Joel Rondón Rodríguez
Who is our NORE Patricia Calderón Flores
Our official website / Forum / Facebook group www.apemh.com
Come for exchange!
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Welcome to Peru APEMH!

Overview

Peru ranks amongst the world's great centers of ancient civilization. Their remains fascinate travelers and archaeologists alike. Peru is located in the west central part of South America and is a country of geographical and cultural contrast. Peru is the 19th largest country in the world and is bordered north by Ecuador, to the south by Chile and Bolivia, to the east by Columbia and Brazil and to the west by the Pacific Ocean. Peru is a diverse country due to the climatic, natural and cultural variation of its regions, which include coast, sierra and jungle.

Peru is populated by over 23 million people, largely descendents of Spanish settlers and native Inca and pre-Inca cultures. Today there are three national languages: Spanish, and the native Quechua and Aymara, reflecting the native Indian and Spanish roots that cultivate modern Peruvian society.

Our health care system

Peru Healthcare System is designed very specifically for the Peruvians so that they can avail the Peru health care policy under any circumstances. Peru has a peculiar income inequalities and hence it it seen that 20 percent of the population controls over 54 percent of the national income. Estimation on income reveals about 50 percent of the population stay in poverty whereas 20 percent are below the poverty line. All the above factors has lead to the launch of Peru Healthcare Policy by the government and utmost care is taken regarding the Peru health.

Peru has wide range of deep jungles so diseases like Dengue fever, Leishmaniasis and yellow fever are quite common in the coastal regions. Chagas disease is common in the southern fringe of the country. HIV/AIDS are prevalent in Peru from 1983 and it has expanded much more in the recent times. The government looks after the poorer sections and provide them the medical facilities free of costs as much possible and thus uplifts the Healthcare System In Peru

Peru health care system is working effectively with a vision to improve the health conditions of all the Peruvians and gain a level in Peru health. The agenda of the Peru Healthcare System is to expand the primary care services as the farthest possible and the health care services are working full fledgedly from 1990s.

Various government and non-government projects are launched regularly to improve the Peru Healthcare System and thus are helping to reconfigure the local health systems more broadly and efficiently. The USAID (U.S. Humanitarian agency) has came in the forefront and is continuously working in Peru to implement the Peru health care system and it also looks after the global health of both developed and underdeveloped nations.

The hospitals

The health care industry of Peru has witnessed a gradual growth and progress over the recent years. Public health, becoming an important issue in every part of the world, is a major concern in Peru also. Keeping this in mind the Peru hospitals have undergone a modernization process and today they are fully equipped with trained personnel and technicalities to handle a wide range of diseases as well as treat the injured or the wounded.

Peru hospitals are distributed all over the country as congestion will only prove inconvenient and and difficulty in accessibility. Hospitals in Peru are divided according to their zonal location. There are national hospitals, regional hospitals and district level hospitals. The national hospitals like Hospital Nacional Arzobispo Loayza, Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia, Hospital Nacional Dos de Mayo etc. are all situated in Lima, the capital.

The regional hospitals of Peru are found in different places in the country like Ayacucho, Chimbote, Arequipa, Chiclayo, Iquitos etc. Some of the Regional hospitals are Hospital Regional de Ayacucho, Hospital regional Honorio Delgado Espinoza, Hospital Regional de Iquitos etc. Apart from these significant national and regional hospitals in Peru, there are many small Peru hospitals that serve the public.

About your work in the Hospital/Healthcare Center Your first day, your Contact Person will meet you in a place convenient for both. Please be punctual. He or she will show you the way to your place of work. Then you will be presented to your Tutor. Depending on where you are working, your contact person will show you the place where you will get your lunch.

Etiquette Punctuality: Working hours depend on the Department. Most of them start working at 08:00. You must be there even if your Tutor is not on time. Most Tutors you will be working with do not receive a salary for teaching, they only get what the hospital pays them for work. So please be considerate, show discipline, respect and always be motivated and interested, because that is the only way we can pay them back as students. Also it is important to remark that your tutor will be teaching you with a contract between APEMH and the local university and it is not allowed to leave the hospital without a previous permission from your doctor.

Uniform: All students and interns are required to use white uniforms in the hospital. Your uniform should always be neat and tidy. You may wear sneakers/tennis shoes. If your clerkship is in surgery, you may wear scrubs. In the Pediatrics Department, a gown with animal designs can be worn. Avoid wearing jewelry.

Our medical education


Cultural differences

Since pre-Columbian times Peruvians have been divided by nature. From the arid deserts of the coast, the Andean Sierra rises up to 19,700 feet. The highlands comprise about a quarter of Peru's territory, but are home to about half of Peru's population. This mountain mass poses major problems for development and integration into a single society.

The result is dramatic regional diversity, and considerable inequalities in services and living standards. Health, education and law enforcement programs are unevenly distributed across Peru.

At first sight, Peruvian culture may seem brutally divided between indigenous and colonial societies - the mountains and the city. Elite white creoles trace their bloodlines back to the Spanish Conquest in 1536. Like generations before them, most live in Lima, where a European visitor will feel a comfortable familiarity in the cafes and supermarkets.

On the other side, rural communities now also aspire to ownership of televisions and blue jeans but this comes into conflict with their traditional cultural values. The people of the Andes are maintaining the traditional practices of their ancestors in a rapidly changing world. Their livelihood continues to be based on family-owned fields or charkas which are farmed by hand or with the assistance of draft animals.

The social organization of communities in the Andes differs greatly from that of Europeanized creole culture. Work, marriage and land-ownership are centered around a complex extended family organization called the ayllu in Quechua which dates back to at least Inca times. One of the main functions of ayllus is to organize reciprocal work exchange.

Over the past 400 years, there has been a long process of inter-cultural mixing, creating the mestizo of part-American Indian, part-European heritage. Today the majority of Peruvians would fall into this category. In Peru, you can become mestizo not only by birth but by choice. Peruvian social divisions can thus be said to be not so much racially as culturally defined.

The Andes have two large ethnoliguistic groups: the larger of the two speaks Quechua; the smaller group speaks Aymara and is settled around Lake Titicaca and also in neighboring Bolivia. Beyond these global distinctions, other complexities arise. There are "white" ethnic groups called the Morochucos of Pampa Cangallo who have light-colored eyes and hair and speak Quechua.

The misti, the dominant social class in the Andes, may speak Quechua and share other cultural traits but enjoy access to education and the luxuries of the modernization. Meanwhile in the Amazon jungle, there are at least 53 ethnolinguistic groups, although only around 5 percent of Peru's population live in the Selva (the tropical region east of the Andes in the jungle).

Due to its New World history, Peru also enjoys a rich cultural diversity. Up to the 19th Century, landowners brought in African blacks to serve as slaves on their haciendas and frequently used them to repress the local Indians. Between 1850 and 1920, Chinese and Japanese laborers provided the hands and backs to build railways over the Andes and farm the land where there was a scarcity of labor.

A large majority of highland people live a marginal and impoverished existence and are removed from the modern benefits of the national economy. While retaining an unchanged loyalty to their ancestral heritage, so well identified to the outside world through their bright homemade costumes, the poor of the Andes are nevertheless equally eager to share in the luxuries of a "modern" lifestyle which includes education, electricity, sewage and running potable water. But rather than improving, the economic conditions of these communities is deteriorating, leading to massive urban migration.

Peru's middle class is the most difficult to define. In the 1970's, with the integration of modernization, the middle class grew into its own, both in Lima and in provincial cities. This growth was due to the diversification of the economy and to the expansion of the Peruvian state, both as a purveyor of public services and as an entrepreneur. During this period, roads penetrating into the Sierra and the Amazon Basin started to link the hinterland with Lima and important coastal markets. Mass communication began to reach out to new audiences.

Today, Lima, the capital has come to represent all that went wrong with Peruvian development. One city now concentrates most of country's services and other resources, but they are grossly inadequate to sustain its 8 million inhabitants.

A striking feature of contemporary Peruvian society is the massive scale of the informal economy. The decay of the national economy has led to an abundance of traditional market street trade and bartering at market stalls as an integral part of daily life. Ambulantes (street vendors) can be found on every corner selling a huge variety of goods.

Despite decades of political upheaval and social unrest, Peru can now be seen to be entering a more stable phase in its history. An increasing level of governmental consistency and growing economic strength has led to growing confidence from within.

Accommodation & Boarding


Social program


Local & National transportation

Highways Total: 85,900 km Paved: 45,000 km Unpaved: 40,900 km (1999 est.)

Long distance buses Inter-city travel in Peru is almost exclusively done in long distance buses.

Weather

Peru is divided up into three distinct geographical regions: the coast, the mountain highlands and the jungle.

The Mountain Highlands (Cusco, Lake Titicaca, etc)

Mid April – October. This period is the dry season, with hot, dry days and cold, dry nights, often hovering just above freezing, particularly in June and July. May is perhaps the best month with the countryside exceptionally lush, yet with superb views and fine weather. You’ll find the flowers in full bloom, the grass green and the streams full. Peru’s high season is from June to August which coincides with the dry season and summer holidays in North America and Europe. You’ll find Cusco a pretty cosmopolitan city with tourists from all over the globe converging on Machu Picchu.

November – Mid April This is the wet season with most rain in January and February. It’s usually clear and dry most mornings with outbursts of heavy rain in the afternoons. The daily temperatures are typically mild with only a small drop at night. The Inca Trail is much less crowded during this period and there’s a more abundant fresh water supply, but of course be well equipped for the rain. You’ll also find some roads may become impassable particularly when trying to visit villages off the beaten track. Many of Peru’s major festivals such as Carnival and Easter Week take place during this period.


The Coast (Lima, Nasca, Arequipa).

December – April This is summertime on the coast where the weather is hot and dry and ideal for swimming and getting a tan. Temperatures on average range from 25 – 35°C. There is little or no rain during these months. The beaches around Lima and the North can packed during the months of January and February which coincide with school holidays.

May – November From May to November the temperature drops a bit and you’ll find blankets of sea mist engulfing the coast from the south right up to about 200 km north of Lima. At this time of year only the northern beaches such as Mancora and Punta Sal are warm enough to provide pleasant swimming.


The Jungle

April – October This is the ‘dry’ season with daily temperatures averaging 30–35°C. However cold fronts from the South Atlantic are common when the temperatures can drop to 15°C during the day and 13°C at night. The dry season is the best time to visit the jungle regions … there are fewer mosquitoes and the rivers are low, exposing the beaches. It’s also a good time to see nesting and to view the animals at close range, as they stay close to the rivers and are more easily seen.

November – March This is the wet season, hot and humid, when you can expect heavy rain at anytime. It only rains for a few hours at a time, so it’s not enough to spoil your trip. Wellington boots are a must though, as some of the jungle trails can become small rivers.

Social life


Exchange conditions

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Cities offered for exchange

City 1 - <-- this is your source page for the city page

LIMA

Is the capital and largest city of Peru. It is located in the valleys of the Chillón, Rímac and Lurín rivers, on a desert coast overlooking the Pacific Ocean. Together with the seaport of Callao, it forms a contiguous urban area known as the Lima Metropolitan Area. With a population fast approaching 9 million, Lima is the fifth largest city in Latin America, behind Mexico City, São Paulo, Buenos Aires and Rio de Janeiro. Lima has been defined as a beta world city. Lima was founded by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro on January 18, 1535, as La Ciudad de los Reyes, or "The City of Kings." It became the capital and most important city in the Spanish Viceroyalty of Peru. Following the Peruvian War of Independence, it became the capital of the Republic of Peru. Today, around one-third of the Peruvian population lives in the metropolitan area.

TACNA

San Pedro de Tacna (English: Saint Peter of Tacna), or simply Tacna, is a city in southern Peru and the regional capital of the Tacna Region. It is located on the border with Chile, inland from the Pacific Ocean and in the valley of the Caplina River. Tacna is a very commercially active city, located only 35 km (22 mi) north of the border with Chile. Initially called San Pedro de Tacna, it has gained a reputation for patriotism, with many monuments and streets named after heroes of Peru's struggle for independence (1821–1824) and the War of the Pacific (1879–1883). Residents of Tacna are known in Spanish as tacneños.

CUSCO

Cusco , often spelled Cuzco; in Quechua written Qusqu and pronounced [ˈqo̝s.qo]) is a city in southeastern Peru, near the Urubamba Valley of the Andes mountain range. It is the capital of the Cusco Region as well as the Cusco Province. In 2007, the city had a population of 358,935 which is triple the figure of 20 years ago. Located on the eastern end of the Knot of Cusco, its altitude is around 3,400 m (11,200 ft). Cusco is the historic capital of the Inca Empire and was declared a World Heritage Site in 1983 by UNESCO. It is a major tourist destination and receives almost a million visitors a year. It is designated as the Historical Capital of Peru by the Constitution of Peru.

CHICLAYO

Chiclayo is the capital and the door to the department o f Lambayeque. If the visitor wants to search a city that accompanies la vortex of a city, the quiet spirit of the provincial towns, the noise and the silence, the history, the legend and the tradition: It is Chiclayo. Chiclayo is an open town to the cordiality and the friendship, this city combines the pro-columbine, the Hispanic and the republic with the hospitality and the human congeniality of its people that is why it is call: “The Friendship City”. Chiclayo has between their better tourist attractions the following ones: The Main Square, the Santa Maria Cathedral, the City Hall, the Verónica Chapel, the San Antonio Convent, the Modelo Market, the Real Plaza Mall and the beaches circuit.