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Peru
IFMSA Peru
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Nmo symbol.jpg
Location Peru Map1.jpg
Participating cities (LC's)
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LC LIMA (SOCEMCH) : Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia*

LC LIMA (SOCIEM-USMP): Universidad de San Martín de Porres

LC LIMA (SCIEM-UCSUR): Universidad Científica del Sur

LC LIMA: (SCSF - UNMSM): Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos

LC LIMA: (SOCEMURP - URP): Universidad Ricardo Palma

LC LIMA (SOCEMVI - UNFV): Universidad Nacional Federico Villareal

LC AREQUIPA (CIEM): Universidad Católica de Santa María

LC PIURA: Universidad Nacional de Piura

LC TRUJILLO (UNT): Universidad Nacional de Trujillo

LC CUSCO: Universidad Nacional San Antonio Abad del Cusco

LC TRUJILLO (UPAO): Universidad Privada Antenor Orrego

LC CUSCO

LC TACNA: Universidad anacional Jorge Basadre Grohmann

Chiclayo: (SOCIEM-UNPRG)


Languages Spanish, English
Currency (how much is a Bigmac?) 1 Bigmac is around 4.5 soles
Time zone GMT/UTC: -05:00 hours
Member of IFMSA since... 1999
Number of incoming students per year 80 students
National Exchange Officers Jessy Henríquez (NEO IN), Marlyn Campos (NEO OUT)
Our official website www.ifmsaperu.org
Come for exchange!
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Welcome Note

IFMSA – PERU is the full member organization in Peru, which is working 10 years for improving the quality of the medical education in Peru.

We can offer a formal exchange, under the supervision of each medical school in Peru. Our organization has the main medical schools in our country and we can offer you to choose different kinds of cities according your interests, for example in the Capital, in the North, in the South and in the center of our country.

We are really happy that you can choose our NMO as a potential candidate to do an incredible experience, coming as an exchange student by SCOPE.


So let's go to show you our NMO

Jessy Henriquez
International Federation of Medical Students' Associacion (IFMSA)
National Exchange Officer Incomings 2013/2014
IFMSA Peru
Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia

Marlyn Campos
International Federation of Medical Students' Associacion (IFMSA)
National Exchange Officer Outgoings 2013/2014
IFMSA Peru
Universidad Privada Antenor Orrego

Overview


Our Health Care System

MINISTRY OF HEALTH - MINSA

The Ministry of Health maintains the mission to protect the personal dignity, promoting health, preventing disease and ensuring health care for all inhabitants of the country. Additionally, it formulates public health policy guidelines in consultation with all government sectors and social actors. The person is the center of its mission, and it’s dedicated to them with respect for life and fundamental rights of all Peruvians, since before his birth, and respecting the natural course of his life.


Ministry of Health

The health of Peruvians will be an expression of important socio-economic development, strengthening democracy of rights and responsibilities of citizens based on the expansion of sources of stable formal employment and education in the values-oriented person, solidarity and in establishing mechanisms for equitable access to health services through a coordinated and decentralized national system of health, developing a national health policy to collect and integrate the contributions of traditional medicine and the various cultural manifestations of our population.

Motto: “People who attends people”

More information: http://www.minsa.gob.pe/


HEALTH SOCIAL SECURITY OF PERU – EsSalud

Health Social Security of Peru

Health Social Security of Peru (EsSalud) is a decentralized public agency whose vision is geared to generate a service focused on the insured that exceeds their expectations and improve their welfare.

EsSalud aims to provide coverage to policyholders through the granting of benefits of prevention, promotion, recovery and rehabilitation of health, economic and social benefits that relate to the contributory scheme of social security in health and other insurance risks human. EsSalud is a health social insurance that provides comprehensive care with quality, warmth and efficiency to maintain their health insurance.


Motto: “More Health for more Peruvians”
More information: http://www.essalud.gob.pe/

The Hospitals

IFMSA Peru, through their local committees, realizes professional exchanges through the network of hospitals affiliated to Medical School member. There are currently:


PIURA
Hospital Nivel III "José Cayetano Heredia" / EsSalud
Address: Av. Independencia s/n, Urb. Miraflores, Piura, Piura.



TRUJILLO

Hospital Regional Docente de Trujillo – HRDT / MINSA

Hospital Regional Docente de Trujillo

Hospital Regional Docente de Trujillo is an institution aimed at preventing risks, protect from harm, restore health and restore the capacity of patients with full accessibility and attention to the person from conception until natural death. It is a center of medical and paramedical training at the Universidad Nacional de Trujillo (UNT), Universidad Privada Antenor Orrego (UPAO) and Universidad Privada César Vallejo (UCV). Hospital Regional Docente de Trujillo hopes to become in 2013 in a tertiary hospital care, with all the capacity, and proven leader in the country's health system, providing highly specialized quality services that meet the rigorous health needs of its users.


Address: Av. Mansiche # 795, Trujillo, La Libertad.
More information: http://www.hrdt.com.pe


Hospital Belén de Trujillo – HBT / MINSA

Hospital Belén de Trujillo

Hospital Belén de Trujillo maintains the mission to provide medical care and health specialist and comprehensive manner, with quality, equity, efficiency and respecting the autonomy of users. Its functions are achieve health recovery and rehabilitation of patients' ability in terms of opportunity, equity, quality and fully accessible, in outpatients, hospitalization and emergency defending life and protecting the health of the person from conception to natural death, to achieve the prevention and reduction of risk and harm to health, to support the training and specialization of human resources, allocating and clinical staff for teaching and research by the Universities and Institutes, according to the respective conventions, managing human resources, material and financial resources to the economic achievement of the mission and objectives in compliance with existing standards and continuously improve quality, productivity, efficiency and effectiveness of health care setting standards and parameters required as well as creating an organizational culture with values and attitudes towards the needs and expectations of the patient and their family.


Address: Jr. Bolívar # 350, Trujillo, La Libertad.





LIMA

Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia - HNCH / MINSA

Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia

Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia with 41 years of creation, provides health services primarily medium and high complexity of the population of the northern “cono” of Lima City. It is also, a prestigious hospital and national reference, which can receive patients from the interior of the country to treat complex pathologies. Its mission is to provide specialized health services to criteria of equity, effectiveness, efficiency and quality, a comprehensive approach to health care of the applicant population, through human resource training and development of scientific and technological research in health.


Address: Av. Honorio Delgado # 262. Urb. Ingeniería, San Martín de Porres, Lima
More information: http://www.hospitalcayetano.gob.pe



Hospital Nacional Arzobispo Loayza – HNAL /MINSA

Hospital Nacional Arzobispo Loayza

Hospital Nacional Arzobispo Loayza is a highly specialized reference in the local and national levels, providing efficient health services, promoting healthy ways of life, preventing the risk of damage by protecting, restoring and rehabilitating the capabilities of patients, with full accessibility and attention to the person from conception, promoting teaching and research with competitive quality, service oriented and implement the comprehensive care model of health. Its objectives are: ensuring adequate provision of health services in terms of opportunity, equity, quality and full integration and accessibility to all patients who require our services, improve efficiency in the management of material resources, economic and financial performance and human resource development, creating an organizational culture with values and attitudes towards the needs and expectations of the patient and their family environment as well as strengthen the Epidemiological Surveillance and Situation Analysis of Health.


Address: Av. Alfonso Ugarte # 848, Lima
More information: http://www.hospitalloayza.gob.pe



Hospital Nacional “Dos de Mayo” / MINSA

Hospital Nacional "Dos de Mayo"



Hospital Nacional "Dos de Mayo" has as its mission to prevent risks, protect from harm, restore health and restore the capacity of patients with full accessibility and attention to the person from conception to natural death, based on teamwork culture of solidarity with the people and providing an equitable access to efficient and quality services.



Address: Av. Grau # 1300, Lima



Hospital Nacional Daniel Alcides Carrión – HNDAC / MINSA

Hospital Nacional Daniel Alcides Carrión

Hospital Daniel Alcides Carrión mantains the mission to prevent risks, protect from harm, restore health and restore the capacity of patients with full accessibility and attention to the person from conception until natural death. It is a hospital located in the Constitutional Province of Callao, which provides health care to specialized quality and social commitment. As a Teaching Hospital, participates in the training and specialization of health professionals.

The vision is to become an accredited National Hospital technically and socially prestigious, with an efficient and innovative management at all levels, leaders in the field of hospital care, teaching and research, ensuring the satisfaction of patients and workers.


Address: Av. Avenida Guardia Chalaca # 1860, El Callao, Lima
More information: http://www.hndac.gob.pe


Hospital General María Auxiliadora – HMA / MINSA

Hospital General María Auxiliadora



Hospital General María Auxiliadora is an institution, Health Care Level III.1 Reference of the Southern “Cono” of Lima City and of Departments Huancavelica, Apurimac, Ayacucho and Ica. Aims to meet the health needs of the population, provide appropriate care to achieve quality and efficiency.


Address: Av. Miguel Iglesias # 968. San Juan de Miraflores, Lima





Hospital Nacional Docente Madre “Niño San Bartolomé” / MINSA

Hospital Nacional Docente Madre “Niño San Bartolomé”



Hospital Nacional Docente Madre “Niño San Bartolomé”is an institution, Health Care Level III, that has as its mission to provide specialized health services of high quality and comprehensive nature directed to women, infants, children and adolescents, who come from anywhere on the national level. Promotional preventive care is also part of its commitment to the community and through it seeks to promote healthy lifestyles and health education to improve the quality of life.


Address: Av. Alfonso Ugarte # 825, Lima
More information: www.sanbartolome.gob.pe


Hospital Nacional Nivel IV Edgardo Rebagliati Martins / EsSalud

Hospital Nacional Nivel IV Edgardo Rebagliati Martins




Hospital Edgardo Rebagliati Martins with 50 years of foundation, consists of 85 medical specialties and five in intensive care units (general medicine, neurosurgery, cardiovascular, pediatrics and neonatology). All teams are monitoring and treatment of last generation. Hospital is a high generation and has made progress in medicine and high technology equipment.


Address: Av. Salaverry & Jr. Domingo Cueto, Jesús María, Lima







Hospital Nacional Nivel IV Guillermo Almenara Irigoyen / EsSalud

Hospital Nacional Nivel IV Guillermo Almenara Irigoyen






Hospital Guillermo Almenara Irigoyen, founded in 1941, has the challenge of continuing the modernization drive into a center of culture and knowledge, whose endogenous scientific and technical development is planned for the community.


Address: Av. Grau 800, La Victoria, Lima






Hospital Central de la Fuerza Aérea del Perú / Fuerzas Armadas y Policiales

Hospital Central de la Fuerza Aérea del Perú


Hospital Central FAP, is a modern health care center with biomedical equipment of last generation that place it as one of the largest hospitals in the country's technology.

Has a staff of highly trained professionals in all specialties, oriented toward the pursuit of excellence in each of their activities, with the end of a continuous development program in the country and abroad.


Address: Av. Aramburu s/n, cdra. 2°, Miraflores, Lima.
More information: www.hospi.fap.mil.pe




AREQUIPA

Hospital Regional Honorio Delgado Espinoza / MINSA

Hospital Regional Honorio Delgado Espinoza

Hospital Regional Honorio Delgado maintains the mission is to prevent and protect against risks and damage, restore health and restore the capacity of the population, in terms of equity and full accessibility.

Through the above, the Hospital Regional Honorio Delgado expects to be a leader to serve people in the departments of the south, providing comprehensive health care of high specialization, teaching and research with modern technology and highly specialized personnel.


Address: Av. Daniel Alcides Carrión # 505, Arequipa.


Hospital Goyeneche de Arequipa / MINSA

Hospital Goyeneche de Arequipa

The hospital Goyeneche de Arequipa is an agency and a member of the Regional Government of Arequipa, is fulfilling its social role, helping to solve the health of the population within the area, will provide a Health Care Quality and efficiency. The hospital Goyeneche de Arequipa maintains the mission to prevent risks, protect from harm, restore health and restore the capacity of patients with full accessibility, and attention to the person from conception to natural death and expected to constitute a Hospital Leader to serve the population's health by ensuring optimal care specialist on adequate infrastructure, equipped with modern technology and appropriate standards, teamwork, quality in the new model of health care.


Address: Avenida Goyeneche s/n Cercado, Arequipa.



CUSCO

Hospital Regional del Cusco / MINSA

Hospital Regional del Cusco

Hospital Regional del Cusco maintains the mission to prevent risks, protect from harm, restore health and restore the capacity of patients with full accessibility and attention to the person from conception until death.

This hospital maintains the prospects to be in the South-East Region of the Country, the institution and organization model of hospital management, providing health care to highly specialized to preserve and improve the health of patients giving conditions for greater accessibility to our outpatient services, hospitalization and emergency, with emphasis on recovery, rehabilitation of health, based on the quality and efficiency and our service with modern technology and highly qualified staff.


Address: Av. de la Cultura s/n, Cusco.


Hospital Antonio Lorena / MINSA

Hospital Antonio Lorena



Hospital Antonio Lorena of Cusco is a health care public center that serves the needy population of this Peruvian city.

This hospital with qualified medical personnel who care for patients in different specialties and that despite the limited economic resources, with which the institution conducts its work by demonstrating not only their professionalism but also a demonstration of solidarity and generosity with those less favored.


Address: Av. de La Cultura s/n, Cusco.





Our medical education

The career of human medicine last 7 years in Peru (3 years of general studies, 3 year of clinical studies and 1 year of internship). After those 7 years of study, you graduate as a surgeon-general medic. Then, you decide whether to do the SERUMS (Servicio Rural y Urbano Marginal de Salud).


SERUMS(http://www.minsa.gob.pe/servicios/serums/2009/default.asp) is a program of community service that aims to develop preventive-promotional activities in schools and health posts of MINSA( Ministry of Health ), or equivalents from other institutions of the National Health System, primarily in rural and suburban places considered with poor development.


SERUMS`s goals are to provide health care for the most vulnerable populations in the country, which will be selected by the Ministry of Health.


The SERUMS is a prerequisite for:

- Login to labor in public sector establishments in the status of: appointed, hired or non-personal service.

- Enter the second specialization programs nationwide. Receive state scholarships or other aid equivalent to advanced studies in the country or abroad.


7 faculties of medicine are members of IFMSA-PERU; the universities are:

UPCH.jpg Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia – Local Committee Lima SOCEMCH-UPCH
More Information: http://www.upch.edu.pe/famed/index.asp

Usmp.jpg Universidad de San Martín de Porres – Local Committee Lima SOCIEM-USMP
More Information: http://www.medicina.usmp.edu.pe

Ucs.jpg Universidad Científica del Sur – Local Committee Lima SOCIEM-UCSUR
More Information: http://www.ucsur.edu.pe/pregrado/?fac=01&xn=1&sxn=0

Ucsm.jpg Universidad Católica de Santa María – Local Committee Arequipa CIEM
More Information:http://www.ucsm.edu.pe/portal/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=181

Unp.jpg Universidad Nacional de Piura – Local Committee Piura
More Information: http://www.unp.edu.pe/medicina/

Unt.jpg Universidad Nacional de Trujillo – Local Committee Trujillo UNT
More Information: http://www.facmed.unitru.edu.pe/

Unsaac.jpg Universidad Nacional San Antonio Abad del Cusco – Local Committee Cusco ASOCIEMH
More Information: http://www.unsaac.edu.pe

Cultural differences

Peru.jpg
Peru is a country with a great variety of cultures and traditions. The population customs are a unique mixture of ancient traditions and a Spanish culture influence, which can be noticed in several aspects of Peruvian life style, including clothes, food and religion.

The official language is Spanish, used by 87% of the population; however one of the main language is Quechua. In smaller proportion there are 47 different tongues in the nation.

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Sierra.jpg
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Geographically, is divided in three areas, the coast, the sierra and the rainforest. This characteristic brings a variety of climates, which provides a wide range of plants and animals available for cooking. Peruvian cuisine is a blend of Amerindian and Spanish food with strong influences from African, Arab, Italian, Chinese, and Japanese cooking.


Vicuna.jpgAlpaca(2).jpgLlama1.jpgAnimales.jpgPerro.jpgAves.jpg Flora.jpgOrquidea.jpg Florperuana.jpg


Peruvian music has Andean, Spanish and African roots. In pre-Hispanic times, musical expressions varied widely from region to region; the quena and the tinya were two common instruments. Spanish conquest brought the introduction of new instruments such as the guitar and the harp, as well as the development of crossbred instruments like the charango. African contributions to Peruvian music include its rhythms and the cajón, a percussion instrument. Peruvian folk dances include marinera, tondero (in the coast), danza de tijeras and huayno (in the sierra).

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Accommodation & Boarding

You will stay in a room of a student's private house/apartment during the time of your clerkship. We try to organize houses or apparmtents near to the hospital you are going to work in, which is not always that easy.

It is okey if you arrive 1-2 days in advance to acclimatisate.

Regard that sometimes there are special conditions concerning the room in which you will stay. We will tell you about this in your CA.

For further details please ask your contact person as the appartments change from month to month.

The meal will be provided daily by contact person.



Social program


Local & National transportation

'Fligts to Perú'


When booking flights to Peru from either Europe or the United States, you will find that all of them, barring some rare outsiders, will arrive in Lima. The Jorge Chávez International Airport is the largest airport in Peru, and even if you are arriving on Peru flights destined for Cusco, you will likely still land in Lima first. Thus, it is a good idea to prepare for at least a night’s lodging at one of the Lima hotels as you will likely catch your connecting flight to Cusco the next morning. Many major airlines have Peru flights that come from major cities in Latin America, Europe, the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Asia and even Africa.


Jorge Chavez Airport

From the United States, direct flights to Peru can be found in cities like Miami, New York and Dallas, among others, and among the main carriers are Continental, American and Delta. Major airlines operating flights from Canada do not offer direct flights, instead stopping first in the United States. Most major flights to Peru from the United Kingdom also generally include a link in the United States. The peak season for Peru flights generally falls during the months of May through September. This is widely considered the best time to enjoy the Andes Mountains, including visits to Machu Picchu and the Sacred Valley. As a result, you generally won’t have the best luck finding cheap flights to Peru during this time period. Once you arrive on one of the Peru flights, the relatively affordable domestic flights in Peru offer the most practical means of getting to your primary destinations. Renting a car in Peru is generally not advised, bus travel can be long, and trains are rare. Domestic flights in Peru are pretty cheap when you consider the time and energy that they will save you. If you travel to Peru during the peak season, or if you end up buying your ticket at the last minute, you will generally end up paying extra for it. A good rule of thumb when purchasing airline tickets, is to do so as far in advance as possible. Not only does this almost always save you a significant amount of money, but it also gives you time to compare different flights. Searching the internet is a good way to find cheap flights to Peru, as you can search for special deals or offers. Some travel sites offer discounts on everything from airfare, to hotels and transportation, especially if you book them together. Being flexible with your dates is often key to finding cheap flights to Peru, and if you catch a late night, or midweek flight, you can sometimes find extra savings there.


'FLIGHTS and AIRPORTS'

Most flights within Peru cost somewhere between $70-$120, with fluctuations depending on season. There are about 5 primary domestic airlines that offer flights in Peru, with others coming and going. If you are flying in Peru, it’s a good idea to confirm your reservations more than once, and you should arrive at the airport no less than an hour before your flight. Flying can be the only way to get to some destinations in Peru, such as the Amazon Jungle city of Iquitos. That is unless you want to stomach the less than romantic boat ride. For some, that might just be ideal. It’s all about preference when it comes to transportation. Cities with airports that have some of the country’s main attractions nearby include Arequipa, Lima, Cusco and Puerto Maldonado, but by no means are you limited to getting to just these destinations by air.



Jorge Chávez International Airport (http://www.lap.com.pe/lap_portal/index.asp)

Jorge Chávez

Jorge Chávez International Airport (IATA: LIM, ICAO: SPIM), known as Aeropuerto Internacional Jorge Chávez in Spanish, is Peru's main international and domestic airport. It is located in Callao, 11 kilometers (7 mi) from the Historic Centre of Lima and 17 km (11 mi) from Miraflores. Callao is the port city now fully integrated with Lima, the nation's capital. In 2008, the airport handled 8,288,506 passengers and 98,733 aircraft movements. For many years it was the hub for now defunct Aeroperú and Compañía de Aviación Faucett, one of the oldest airlines in Latin America. Now it serves as a hub for many aviation companies.



Rodríguez Ballón International Airport

Rodriguez Ballón Airport



Rodríguez Ballón International Airport (IATA: AQP, ICAO: SPQU), known as Aeropuerto Internacional Rodríguez Ballón in Spanish, is an airport serving Peru's second largest city, Arequipa. This airport and Cusco's Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport are the main air hubs in southern Peru. Its runway is fully paved. In the past it has had international flights to destinations such as Iquique in Chile and La Paz in Bolivia. It is the main gateway for tourists visiting the city of Arequipa, spectacular nearby ruins, and the Colca Canyon, the world's second deepest canyon (only behind Cotahuasi Canyon, also located in Arequipa.)

The following airlines serve the airport: LAN Perú (Cuzco,Juliaca, Lima)




Cap. FAP Carlos Martínez de Pinillos International Airport

Cap. FAP Carlos Martínez de Pinillos International Airport




Capitán FAP Carlos Martínez de Pinillos International Airport (IATA: TRU, ICAO: SPRU), known as Aeropuerto Internacional Capitán FAP Carlos Martínez de Pinillos in Spanish, is an airport serving Peru's third most important city, Trujillo. It is the main air hub in northern Peru given its strategic location and the city's size. Its runways are fully paved.

The following airlines serve the airport: LAN Perú (Lima)





Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport

Alejandro Velasco Astete Airport




Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport (IATA: CUZ, ICAO: SPZO) is located in the city of Cusco, a city in southeastern Peru. Cusco, a principal tourist attraction in Latin America, receives various domestic flights as well as some international flights. Its runways are completely paved. Currently, it operates at a limited capacity due to its precarious location near the city's center.







'Driving in Peru' Flecha.jpg


Driving in Peru, whether in the city or on the highway, can be an adventure.Transit in this country is chaotic for anybody who is not used to it: Peruvian drivers are very aggressive and there are not many signs (the signs you do see can be ambiguous). In addition, be careful with thefts of windshield wipers, hubcaps and even the wheels themselves; it is not a good idea to park in the streets. If you are going to drive at night, be very careful, because the roads are not in good conditions, the buses drive at high speeds and the trucks do not have lights.


'Taxis'

Taxis are a highly recommended method of transportation within the city, especially in Lima given the size of the city and the mess of traffic. You should decide on the cost of the ride with the taxi driver before heading out. It shouldn't cost more than US $ 5 in the big cities, so haggle over the price if necessary. In the larger cities, there are some radio taxi companies which offer more security and can pick you up when and where you prefer, but prices are a bit higher.


'Urban buses' ( Microbuses )


These buses are found only in the main cities, and they can hold twenty to forty passengers. There are no defined bus stops, so you should watch out for where you need to get off so you can warn the driver on time.


'Collective pick up trucks' (Combis)


This means of transportation involves pick-up trucks, each one with a capacity for 10 people. They move quickly throughout the city and are cheaper; nevertheless, they are not recommended due to the high speed and aggressive manner of driving.


'Interurban buses'

Bus.jpg

In Peru, there are two ways to travel by bus between towns. The first option involves buses, called 'caleteros', that stop in every town along the route. Direct buses are more expensive but a lot better. The most utilized means of transportation for travel in Peru is the Peru bus. Buses are a very affordable way to get around the country, and for trips from cities to small towns, they can be the only way to go. For example, if you want to travel from Trujillo to the beach town of Huanchaco, generally the bus will be your main way of getting there. Long bus rides in Peru can be relatively uncomfortable, but the quality of the buses tends to vary, so sometimes you just luck out. Frequent bus travel exists between all the main routes, and you can find some upscale buses running some of the longer distance routes. It is generally recommended to avoid bus travel at night, as this tends to be when more assaults occur. Take care with your luggage, as baggage theft can be a possible issue, and understand that there is certain risk in riding a Peru bus. Local buses tend to be crowded, and are usually very cheap. Some short bus routes are covered by colectivos, which are a mix between a Peru bus and a shuttle van.


External links


• Cial (http://www.expresocial.com/)
• Civa (http://www.civa.com.pe/)
• Cruz del Sur (http://www.cruzdelsur.com.pe/inicio.php)
• Oltursa (http://www.oltursa.com.pe/)
• TEPSA (http://www.tepsa.com.pe/)


'Trucks'

In some parts of the country, cargo trucks are used as a means of transportation for passengers. Passengers and drivers agree on the price at the time of departure; but you should get there early in order to find a good seat.


'Trains'

Tren.jpg
Machu.jpg

Peru trains are not easy to come by for most routes, but in southern Peru, there are some very popular train routes that offer scenic travel in and around the Cusco department and nearby regions. PeruRail, which is a private company that operates the Peru trains, has daily services that operate four main routes. The scenic Cusco to Machu Picchu train is the most popular of all Peru trains, with stops at the Sacred Valley towns of Urubamba and Ollantaytambo on the way. Another popular train in Peru runs from Cusco to Puno, which rests on the shores of Lake Titicaca. This is also a very scenic route through the Andes Mountains, though it is somewhat slow. Finally, you might consider the Ferrocarril Central Andino, which runs from Lima to Huancayo. At its highest, this route reaches some 15,843 feet, making it the highest passenger line in the world. This trip is somewhat hard to book, but worth it.



Weather

The weather in Peru is highly varied, ranging from warm temperatures in the tropical forest to arctic cold in the Andes. In part, the cause of climate heterogeneity is the confluence of two currents of different characteristics: the Peruvian or Humboldt Current, and cold water that moves from south to north, until 5 o S, the coast makes this a temperate rather than tropical, the current “El Niño”, warm water, which exerts its influence in the north permanently, sometimes to the south, when the “El Niño”. In the coast regions the temperature is almost constant throughout the year, with an average of 20 ° C. The Humboldt current, which runs parallel to the coastline of Peru, and the presence of the Andes to the east, characterize the climate of this region is arid desert since Sechura to the Nazca plains, and receives about 50 mm of annual rainfall. A fine mist covers the sky over the coast in winter and download an imperceptible mist is known as' garua '; mist covers the foothills of mountain ranges and foothills of the Sierra from June to October, providing sufficient moisture for pastures. In the sierra are two well defined seasons: a summer, from April to October, characterized by sunny days, cool nights and no rain, and rainy between November and March, when rainfall is abundant ( usually over 1,000 mm). Another feature that characterizes this region is the vibration or thermal variations throughout the day, it is common to have temperatures of 24 º C at noon and from -3 º C at dawn. In Cuzco, a city in the southeastern Andes, the average annual rainfall is about 600 millimeters. In the highlands, temperatures are too low. In the region selva, the temperature is extremely warm. The rainy season between November and March, is characterized by frequent downpours (at least one a day), sometimes very destructive. The humidity is very high throughout the year. The average annual rainfall in some areas is estimated at 3,800 mm, partly generated by evaporation from the rivers. The predominant winds from the east, sweeping fog accumulated for deposit in the region later in the foothills of the eastern Andes. In particular we will in the weather of the cities that are local committees of IFMSA - Peru: Piura, Trujillo, Lima, Arequipa and Cuzco.


PIURA The weather of Piura has its own characteristics and variables. Along its coast, is warm and sunny, has erratic rainfall, but every so often with catastrophic consequences. In the highlands of Piura, the climate is temperate in areas with high seasonal rainfall. El Niño is changing the climate on the coast and mountains, with high temperatures throughout the year, when up to this phenomenon and with heavy rains, which have altered the appearance of semi-desert and the coast, in a thick forest carobs and zapotal. At present this is predictable, thanks to modern methods of weather forecasting and climate. Maximum temperatures reached 34.2 º C and minimum 15 º C, which corresponds to the months of February and June respectively. The annual average humidity is 66%, the annual average atmospheric pressure is millibar 10085.5 while the winds continue to address the south have an average speed of 3 m / s. The rainfalls also show variations. in its overall cost is low within 100 meters and 500 in this part ranging between 10 and 200 mm, between 500 and 1500 meters of altitude, rainfall reached between 200 and 800 mm in the area about 1500 meters the average rainfall is 1550 mm.


TRUJILLO The weather in Trujillo is temperate (19oC mean annual temperature, which makes it so worthy of the title city of eternal spring), and desert (no rain during the year). The average annual maximum and minimum temperature is 22.9 ° C and 15.7 ° C, respectively. The cumulative annual average rainfall is 5.2 mm. The climate varies with the occurrence of El Niño, especially precipitation, although with less intensity compared to the regions located north of this city. LIMA

The weather in Lima is quite peculiar. Apart from its high levels of humidity and low precipitation, surprised by its strange features despite being located in tropical 12 degrees south latitude and almost at sea level. The central coast of Peru shows a series of microclimates due to the atypical and influential cold Humboldt current which originates from the Antarctica, the nearness of the mountains and the tropical location, giving Lima a subtropical climate, desert and humid at the same time.

You could say that Lima's weather is warm tropical, without excessive heat or cold extremes that require heating to at home. The average annual temperature is 18.5 to 19 ° C with a maximum annual summer about 29 ° C. Summer, December to April, with temperatures ranging between 28 and 21 ° C. Winters range from mid-June to September with temperatures ranging between 19 and 12 ° C, 8 ° C being the lowest temperature recorded historically. The months of spring and autumn (September, October and May) are mild temperatures ranging between 23 and 17 ° C.

Furthermore, the relative humidity is very high (100%), leading to persistent fog in June and December until the summer when the clouds are lower. It was sunny, hot and humid in summer (December-April), cloudy and mild in winter (June to September). The rain is almost nil. The annual average of 7 mm reported at the airport, the lowest amount in a metropolitan area in the world.

AREQUIPA In August, the weather is cold at night and at dawn, but in the mornings and afternoons in the sunshine warms the atmosphere, but the dry climate helps to feel the cold of night and dawn with less intensity. In general, the weather in Arequipa is semi-arid and temperate, with an average maximum temperature of 21.7 ° C (71.0 º F) and a minimum of 6.9 ° C (44.4 º F). The rainy season extends from January to March, these being quite moderate, and the rest of the year enjoying the sunshine and a temperate climate.


CUZCO The weather in Cusco is mild, moderate rain and moderate temperature range but not to extremes, the annual average temperature reaches 12 °, temperatures reach up to 18 ° in the morning to go down to 6 ° night. From December to May, the vegetation is lush due to the rains of the season. Between June and July are common frosts. We recommend that the ideal season to visit Cusco is between June and October, because at that time the sun shines almost continuously. At night the temperature drops to approximately 10 ° but the advantage is that there is Torrential rains, which it happens in the rainy season that runs from December to April.


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Jessy Henriquez, Marlyn Campos

NEO IFMSA PERU 2013/2014

Universidad Privada Antenor Orrego/Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia

neoin.ifmsaperu@gmail.com, neoout.ifmsaperu@gmail.com -->


Cities offered for exchange

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LC LIMA (SOCEMCH) : Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia

LC LIMA (SOCIEM-USMP): Universidad de San Martín de Porres

LC LIMA (SCIEM-UCSUR): Universidad Cientifica del Sur

LC AREQUIPA (CIEM): Universidad Catolica de Santa María

LC PIURA: Universidad Nacional de Piura

LC TRUJILLO: Universidad Nacional de Trujillo

LC CUSCO: Universidad Nacional San Antonio Abad del Cusco