Trujillo, in northwestern Peru, is the capital of the La Libertad Region, and the third largest city in Peru. The urban area has 811,979 inhabitants and is an economic hub in northern Peru. The city is located at the banks of the Moche River, near its mouth on the Pacific Ocean, in a valley of great cultural hegemony.
While it may be conceived as a single city, Trujillo is not a single administrative unit, rather it is the core or center of a major metropolitan area that covers an area of 110,000 ha, and consists of 9 municipalities in the province, of which 5 are completely metropolitan area, while the remaining 4 are partially, and in which resides a population over the 804 thousand inhabitants, constituting itself as the third most populous metropolitan area of Peru.
The foundation of the city is not defined accurately, it is known that he was Diego de Almagro founded on December 6, 1534 under the name "New Castile Trujillo, a territory populated by ancestral civilizations ancient, yet its foundation was made official by Francisco Pizarro on March 5, 1535, date on which settled its first chapter, is administratively and commercially in a major city of the Viceroyalty of Peru.
For his role in the independence process, Trujillo was conferred the title "Meritorious City and Faithful to the Fatherland", the city is the birthplace of Peru's judiciary, has met twice with the role of Capital country and was the scene of the Revolution of Trujillo in 1932.
To Trujillo is known as the "City of Eternal Spring", "National Marinera Capital" and "Culture Capital of Peru", epithet won by the considerable amount of cultural events of national and international taking place in the city, among which, the "National Contest of Marinera", the "International Festival of Spring and the" International Book Fair, which is among one of the most important cultural events the country .
At the metropolitan level, Trujillo has two archaeological sites, where houses are important pre-Columbian monuments such as Chan Chan, the largest mud city in the ancient world, declared World Heritage by UNESCO in 1986 also, the temples of the Sun, the largest adobe pyramid in Peru and Moon.
The downtown is filled with several monuments, including buildings predominate product of religious architecture prevailing during the colonial era, besides houses dating from the same era and the beginnings of the republic, whose distinctive are its windows how to lace railings.
The metropolis has residential areas, a central business and industrial supply distribution to the various districts. Also, the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Trujillo has its seat here.
Hospital Regional Docente Hospital Victor Lazarte Echegaray Hospital El Belen Hospital de Florencia de Moro Hospital del Alto Moche
Tourism is also a major industry in Trujillo due to the city's proximity to important sites where the Moche and Chimu civilizations evolved. These civilizations are well known artisans, many artifacts having been found during archaeological digs in the city. Nearby ruins include the Chimu mud city of Chan Chan,which is the world's largest city built out of adobe Chan-chan, also known as "Ciudad de la Luna" (City of the Moon) or "de las Largas Murallas" (of the Long Walls), has been compared with Teotihuacan in Mexico, and the ancient cities of Egypt. Other nearby ruins are the Moche ruins of Huaca del Sol, Huaca de la Luna, and El Brujo.
Trujillo aspires to be designated a World Heritage Site, because of the proximity of both cultures and its historical colonial city centre whose old houses attract many visitors. The old mansions and manors of Trujillo are distinguished for their solemn and austere facades. Inside, their impressive halls are overflowing with ornaments.
Trujillo's window railings are a truly unique feature of the mansions. The House of Ganoza-Chopitea or "casa Ganoza" with a polychromatic front in the baroque style, crowned by a rococo frontispiece and two lions, is the city's most representative example of Trujillano mansion architecture. Another one is the House of Mayorazgo, as old as the city itself, and holding one of Peru's greatest numismatic collections. In addition, the revolutionary leader Simón Bolívar lived in a house on the Plaza de Armas.
The world-famous beach Huanchaco, a surfing destination, is located just north of Trujillo.
Trujillo's restaurants offer a wide variety of local food such as shambar, mostly served on Mondays, ceviche, sopa teologa and cabrito